THE INTERNATIONAL
SCIENTIFIC
JOURNAL

 

 

 

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ECONOMY

 

 

УДК 338.431

 

N. V. SERGEEVA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

T. I. ASHMARINA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev", Russian Federation, Moscow

 

CATALYTIC ROLE OF DIVERSIFICATION IN THE ORGANIZATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

Abstract. Economic sanctions against Russia stimulate the development of domestic production. The growth of production and the development of nomenclature and assortment policy is observed in the machine-building, instrument-making, machinetool, agricultural production, as well as in the processing industries of agriculture. Russian markets were filled with domestic cheeses, vegetables, fruits, canned meat and fish, production of concentrated feed for livestock and poultry increased. The article deals with the economic role of diversification processes. The organizational and economic analysis of the development of domestic production, its technical and technological capabilities to expand and grow. Production now needs to acquire special technological, economic and organizational flexibility to meet the needs of the population in terms of both production and product quality. The motives and goals that serve as incentives for expanding the scope of activities, its renewal and transition to new production are identified. Methods, preconditions of development, types of di-versification opportunities for the purpose of increase of economic efficiency of functioning of the enterprises are analyzed. Small or medium-sized enterprises do not have the financial capacity to expand and upgrade production, the role of supporting government programs is increasing here. Diversification processes often solve the problem of resource saving in individual technological processes, which many researchers consider to be the basis for improving the efficiency of agricultural production, including through the recycling of agricultural products, materials and waste-free production. Enterprises focused not only on obtaining agricultural raw materials, but also engaged in its processing, sell ready-to-use products, significantly increase the profitability of production.

Key words: economic sanctions, import, import substitution, import dependence, diversification, economic strategy, competitiveness, efficiency, diversification processes.

 

REFERENCES

1. Vorozhejkina T. M. Napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya vzaimootnoshenij na prodovol'stvennom rynke // Ehkonomika sel'skohozyajstvennyh i pererabatyvayushchih predpriyatij. 2008. № 9. pp. 78−80.

2. Brokeram.ru [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://brokeram.ru/import/chto-importiruet-rossiya.html

3. Sergeeva N. V. K voprosu povysheniya ehffektivnosti molochnogo zhivotnovodstva // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ehkonomicheskij zhurnal. 2015. № 5. pp. 49−54.

4. Ashmarina T. I. Kachestvennyj aspekt prodovol'stvennoj bezopasnosti // Vestnik Federal'nogo gosudarstvennogo obrazovatel'nogo uchrezhdeniya vysshego professional'nogo obrazovaniya Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj agroinzhenernyj universitet imeni V. P. Goryachkina. 2015. № 6. pp. 51−55.

5. Sergeeva  N.  V.  Rol'  diversifikacii  v  processe  importozameshcheniya  // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. 2015. № 6. pp. 44−48.

6. Gorbachev M. I. Progressivnye resursosberegayushchie tekhnologii i tekhnicheskie sredstva – osnova povysheniya ehffektivnosti proizvodstva produkcii zhivotnovodstva // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ehkonomicheskij zhurnal. 2007. № 1. pp. 61−64.

 

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УДК 338.43.001.895

 

Sh. N. HURSHUDOV, Doctoral Candidate

Azerbaijan State Agrarian University, Azerbaijan, Ganja 


THE MAIN DIRECTIONS OF DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR 

Abstract. Currently business management issues in the Republic of Azerbaijan are distinguished by their relevance. Thus, there was a need for the development of innovative entrepreneurship. Analysis of the current state of agriculture and the prospects of development in a market economy shows that in order to further develop this area and address food security issues in the country, it is necessary to promote an innovative way of development of this area and apply foreign technical and technological innovations with high productivity.

Key words: agriculture, innovation, entrepreneurship, governance, agrarian relations, innovation processes, innovation activity.

 

REFERENCES

1. Ukaz Prezidenta Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki «O merah, svyazannyh s usovershen-stvovaniem upravleniya v agrarnom sektore» Baku / Azerbajdzhanskoe gosudarstvennoe informacionnoe agentstvo, 2004 g. [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://azertag.az/ru/xeber/Ukaz_Prezidenta_Azerbaidzhanskoi_Respubliki_O_dopolnitelnyh_merah_po_

usovershenstvovaniyu_upravleniya_v_agrarnom_sektore-1233450

2. Kotler Filip Osnovy marketinga. M. : Progress, 1993. 736 p.

3. Ivashchenko N. P., Buyanov E. V., Antropov M. S. Osnovy predprinimatel'stva: Uchebnoe posobie. M. : Prospekt, 2017. 336 p.

4. Ahmedov G. A. Voprosy sozdaniya sistemy innovacij v agrarnom sektore Azerbajdzhana (II chast'). Baku : Nurlar, 2006. 161 p.

5. Ahmedov G. A. Voprosy sozdaniya sistemy innovacij v agrarnom sektore Azerbajdzhana (I chast'). Baku : Nurlar, 2006. 125 p.

6. Konopleva E. E., Tulupnikova V. A. Neobhodimost' gosudarstvennogo regulirovaniya APK v usloviyah rynochnyh otnoshenij // Ehkonomika i finansy. 2005. № 1. pp. 48-50.

 

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УДК 636.22/.28.005.34 

 

D. G. BUTUHANOVA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

B. B. BATOOCHIROV, Postgraduate Students

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev", Russian Federation, Moscow

 

THE DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATION-ORIENTED PRODUCTION OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF BURYATIA

Abstract. The article reflects the role of dairy cattle in ensuring food security of the country. The dynamics of the main indicators on dairy farming of the Republic of Belarus is analyzed, the tendencies of reduction of cattle population in farms of all categories are marked. The lack of sources of financing, aging equipment, low technical security of farms and the armed labor of workers lead to an increase in production costs and the cost of milk. The cost of maintenance of mechanization in the structure of the cost of milk have a specific weight of about 20 %. The factors of increasing the economic efficiency of dairy farming are revealed and systematized. It is possible to reduce the cost of milk, increase profits and profitability of production only on the basis of innovation-oriented development of dairy cattle breeding, through the introduction of technical and technological, organizational and economic innovations, selection of optimal means of mechanization for the implementation of production processes. To get the maximum return on the costs invested in the mechanization of livestock farms and complexes, it is necessary to comply with certain conditions: the integrated implementation of the mechanization of all technological processes and lines according to a single production plan; providing dairy farms with more modern, productive, economical equipment; the introduction of progressive norms of labor organization of farm workers, increasing their material interest; compliance with the requirements of proper operation and repair of mechanization and automation of technological processes. For example, the re-mo-Nochnoy farm on 186 heads of SPK imeni Lenina Mukhorshibir district, the replacement of machinery and equipment by new modern three main Pro-Assam: distribution of feed, storing milk, the removal of manure from the farm were able to confirm feasibility of innovation-oriented development trends of production.
Key words: dairy cattle, mechanization, dairy farm, scientific and technological progress, innovation, modernization.

 

REFERENCES

1. Ashmarina T. I. Kachestvennyj aspekt prodovol'stvennoj bezopasnosti // Vestnik Federal'nogo gosudarstvennogo obrazovatel'nogo uchrezhdeniya vysshego professional'nogo obrazovaniya Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj agroinzhenernyj universitet imeni V. P. Goryachkina. 2015. № 6. pp. 51-55.

2. Sergeeva N. V. K voprosu povysheniya ehffektivnosti molochnogo zhivotnovodstva // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ehkonomicheskij zhurnal. 2015. № 5. pp. 49-54.

3. Gorbachev M. I. Progressivnye resursosberegayushchie tekhnologii i tekhnicheskie sredstva – osnova povysheniya ehffektivnosti proizvodstva produkcii zhivotnovodstva // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhniko-ehkonomicheskij zhurnal. 2007. № 1. pp. 61-64.

4. Butuhanova D. G. Ehffektivnost' proizvodstva v lichnyh podsobnyh hozyajstvah naseleniya // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. 2014. № 2. pp. 66-69.

5. Sergeeva N. V. Rol' diversifikacii v processe importozameshcheniya // Mezhdunarodnyj nauchnyj zhurnal. 2015. № 6. pp. 44-48.

 

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УДК 633.791:004.12

 

O. G. KARATAEVA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

Y. S. FROLOVA, Postgraduate Students

Y. M. ALEKSEEV, Postgraduate Students

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev", Russian Federation, Moscow

 

THE METHOD OF CALCULATION OF INDICATORS OF QUALITY IN HOP CULTIVATION

Abstract. The article presents the analysis of specific hops by industry, the brewing industry, the method of calculating the increase in production of hops, taking into account the quality indicator. In connection with the increase in the production of hops, the question of its quality arose. On the world market for the standard adopted Czechoslovak hops, which has special properties, giving the beer a pleasant bitterness and taste, established the point of view that a single indicator of the quality of hops is the content of alpha-acids. The assessment of hops in accordance with the content of alpha-acids led to the desire to consider objective chemical assessments, which depend on the morphological components of hops, as a measure of quality.  
Key words: hops, quality, processing of hops, national economy, alpha-acid, quality indicators of hops.


REFERENCES

1. Aleksandrov N. A., Ruposhev A. R. Agrobiologicheskie osnovy vozdelyvaniya i proizvodstva hmelya i hmele produktov v Rossijskoj Federacii. M. : Novoe Vremya, 2018. 648 р.

2. Karataeva O. G. Povyshenie ehffektivnosti proizvodstva i pererabotki hmelya (na materialah chuvashskoj respubliki) : dis. kand. ehkon. nauk : 08.00.05 / Karataeva Oksana Grigor'evna. M. , 2011. 171 р.

3. Karataeva O. G. Innovacii i nauchno-tekhnicheskij progress v agropromyshlennom komplekse Rossii // Biznes i dizajn revyu. 2017. T. 1. № 1(5). 3 р.

4. Karataeva O. G. Osobennosti i osnovnye napravleniya intensifikacii proizvodstva hmelya. M. : FGBOU VO RGAU-MSKHA imeni K. A. Timiryazeva, 2010. 160 р.

5. Karataeva O. G. Osobennosti i osnovnye napravleniya intensifikacii proizvodstva hmelya // Agrarnaya nauka v usloviyah modernizacii i innovacionnogo razvitiya APK Rossii: Sbornik materialov Vserossijskoj nauchno-metodicheskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem, posvyashchennoj 100-letiyu akademika D. K. Belyaeva. Ivanovo : Izd-vo FGBOU VPO IGSA akad. D. K. Belyaeva. 2017. рр. 62-65.

6. Oficial'nyj sajt OOO «Agroresursy» [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://agrores.ru/

7. Karataeva O. G. Perspektivy razvitiya otrasli hmelevodstva CHuvashskoj Respubliki // Vestnik FGBOU VPO MGAU imeni V. P. Goryachkina. 2009. № 8-1(39). рр. 78-80.

8. Karataeva O. G. Ocenka emkosti sovremennogo otechestvennogo rynka produkcii hmelevodstva // Vestnik FGBOU VPO MGAU imeni V. P. Goryachkina. 2010. № 6(45). рр. 110-112.

9. Chernoivanov V. I., Ezhevskij A. A., Krasnoshchekov N. V., Fedorenko V. F. Upravlenie kachestvom v sel'skom hozyajstve. M. : FGNU «Rosinformagrotekh», 2011. 344 р.

10. Karataeva O. G., Kukushkina T. S., Karataev G. S. Sovremennye napravleniya pererabotki hmelya: Sbornik materialov Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvyashchennoj 20-letiyu pervogo vypuska tekhnologov sel'skohozyajstvennogo proizvodstva. Cheboksary, 15 noyabrya 2018 g.

11. Karataeva O. G., Karataev G. S., Pulyaev N. N. Napravleniya modernizacii inzhenerno-tekhnicheskoj sistemy APK // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhnikoehkonomicheskij zhurnal. 2018. № 4. рр. 103-109.

 

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УДК 665:519.237:8(100)

 

A. V. KOSHMAN, Applicant

Higher School of Engineering and Economics

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education Education "Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University", Russian Federation, St. Petersburg

 

CLUSTER POLICY IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY: THE EXPERIENCE OF RUSSIA AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES

Abstract. The article analyzes the main directions of cluster policy in Russia implemented in recent years, as well as the relevant foreign experience. The role of cluster policy as one of the key tools for the development of innovation and improve the competitiveness of the country's economy and clusters as a new way of thinking about the national, state, and regional economy, setting new challenges for companies, authorities, and other institutions in improving competitiveness. Measures to intensify international cooperation of clusters are analyzed, as well as the experience of implementing cluster policy on the example of such programs as: Innovative Cluster Cities (South Korea), InnoRegio (Germany), Competitiveness poles (France). Such problems of implementation of the regional policy as acute competition for limited budget resources, reflection of sectoral priorities in the framework of state programs and Federal target programs without taking into account the priorities of clusters, making it possible to use the existing tools of state support limited. On the example of Petrochemical territorial cluster of the Republic of Bashkortostan the implementation of cluster policy in the oil and gas industry is analyzed. The necessity of further integration of the efforts of all participants  of  the  innovation  process,  such  as  Federal  and  regional authorities, universities and research organizations, support institutions, as well as economic entities aimed at the creation and development of clusters in the regions, in particular – in the oil and gas industry.  
Key words: innovations, clusters, state support, innovative activity, competitiveness.


REFERENCES

1. Monitoring. Innovacionnaya aktivnost' sub"ektov innovacionnogo processa // Informacionnyj byulleten' 2015. № 4 / NIU VSHEH [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.hse.ru/data/2015/03/10/1093904907/

%D0%9C%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B3_4_201.pdf

2. Michael E. Porter Location, Competition, and Economic Development: Local Clusters in a Global Economy [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.development.wne.uw.edu.pl/uploads/Courses/ied_porter_2000.pdf

3. Bodrunov S. D. Rol' regional'nyh klasterov v reindustrializacii Rossii : Nauchnyj doklad / Seriya «Modernizaciya promyshlennosti» / Institut novogo industrial'nogo razvitiya (INIR). SPb., 2013.

4. Innovacionnye i promyshlennye klastery v Rossii: aktual'naya povestka gosudarstvennoj politiki stimulirovaniya klasternogo razvitiya ehkonomiki: opyt Rossii i Germanii: Materialy doklada E. Kucenko. 28 yanvarya 2016 g., Minsk [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:

http://ced.by/media/news/20160128klastery/2016_01_28_kutsenko.pdf

5. O gosudarstvennoj podderzhke razvitiya innovacionnyh territorial'nyh klasterov Minehkonomrazvitiya [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://minpromtorg.gov.ru/common/upload/files/docs/

O_gosudarstvennoy_podderzhke_razvitiya_innovatsionnykh_territorialnykh_klasterov.pdf

6. Karta klasterov Rossii [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://clusters.monocore.ru/list/

 

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УДК 502.17:005.591.6(170) 

 

I. M. PAVLOVA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

A. A. AKBAROV, Postgraduate Students

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev", Russian Federation, Moscow

 

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COST BEHAVIOR ON ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND ECOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS IN RUSSIA

Abstract. The article describes the series of dynamics (time series) of indicators of environmental protection costs in the Russian Federation: direct investment in fixed assets and current expenditures (for the period from 2000 to 2017), as well as special costs associated with environmental innovation (for the period from 2010 to 2017) – in absolute terms and as a percentage of GDP. The equations of approximating functions are defined and the degree of connection between the studied parameters is revealed; the indicators of approximation reliability and correlation coefficients are calculated. A comparison of the value of environmental protection costs (including those associated with innovation) and gross domestic product in order to justify the relevance of increasing financial support for the implementation of innovative environmental projects.
Key words: environmental protection costs, environmental innovations, gross domestic product.


REFERENCES

1. Preobrazovanie nashego mira: Povestka dnya v oblasti ustojchivogo razvitiya na period do 2030 goda. Rezolyuciya, prinyataya General'noj Assambleej OON 25 sentyabrya 2015 goda. A/70/L.1 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://documents-ddsny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N15/291/92/PDF/N1529192.pdf?OpenElement

2. Ehkologicheskaya doktrina Rossijskoj Federacii (utv. Rasporyazheniem Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 31 avgusta 2002 goda № 1225-r) [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.mnr.gov.ru/regulatory/detail.php?ID=133908&print=Y

3. Ohrana okruzhayushchej sredy v Rossii. 2006: statisticheskij sbornik / Rosstat. M. : Rosstat, 2006. 239 p.

4. Ohrana okruzhayushchej sredy v Rossii. 2010: statisticheskij sbornik / Rosstat. M. : Rosstat, 2010. 303 p.

5. Ohrana okruzhayushchej sredy v Rossii. 2012: statisticheskij sbornik / Rosstat. M. : Rosstat, 2012. 245 p.

6. Ohrana okruzhayushchej sredy v Rossii. 2016: statisticheskij sbornik / Rosstat. M. : Rosstat, 2016. 95 p.

7. Ohrana okruzhayushchej sredy v Rossii. 2018: statisticheskij sbornik / Rosstat. M. : Rosstat, 2018. 125 p.

8. Rossijskij statisticheskij ezhegodnik. 2012: statisticheskij sbornik / Rosstat. M. : Rosstat, 2012. 786 p.

9. Rossijskij statisticheskij ezhegodnik. 2007: statisticheskij sbornik / Rosstat. M. : Rosstat, 2007. 825 p.

10. Rossijskij statisticheskij ezhegodnik. 2014: statisticheskij sbornik / Rosstat. M. : Rosstat, 2014. 693 p.

11. Rossijskij statisticheskij ezhegodnik. 2016: statisticheskij sbornik / Rosstat. M. : Rosstat, 2016. 725 р.

12. Rossijskij statisticheskij ezhegodnik. 2018: statisticheskij sbornik / Rosstat. – M.: Rosstat, 2018. 694 р.

13. Gel'man V. Ya. Reshenie matematicheskih zadach sredstvami Excel. Praktikum. SPb. : Piter, 2003. 237 p.

 

 

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PEDAGOGY 

 

 

УДК 811.161.144.001.8

 

N. I. GABOVA, Associate Professor

S. KH. KHVAN, Senior Lecturer

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Moscow State Technical University named after N. E. Bauman" Russian Federation, Moscow

 

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF RUSSIAN VERBS OF MOTION WITH PREFIXES AND THEIR BURMESE EQUIVALENTS IN LINGUODIDACTICS ASPECT

Abstract. Article is devoted to a comparative analysis of semantic features of motion verbs with prefixes in the Russian language and Burmese verbs of movement. A number of the problems connected with classification and systematization of verbs of motion in aspect of a linguodidactics are presented. Comparative tables list all possible prefixes in the Russian language, give their meanings and examples of Russian phrases with verbs of motion and their Burmese equivalents. Particular attention is paid to a number of problems associated with both the correlativeness of the Russian and Burmese motion verbs, and the lack of lexical-semantic correlates, as well as the difficulties in studying this grammatical material by Myanmar students.  

Key words: motion verbs with prefixes, comparative analysis, dominant semes, classification and systematization, formal and semantic signs, polysemanticity, correlation of meanings. 

 

REFERENCES

1. Vsevolodova M. V., Ali Madaeni A. Sistema russkih pristavochnyh glagolov (v zerkale persidskogo yazyka). M. : LKI, 2010. 146 p.

2. Gyunesh B. I. Osobennosti semantiki glagolov dvizheniya v russkom i tureckom yazykah // Russkij yazyk za rubezhom. 2013. № 3. pp. 66–68.

3. Du Hunczyun'. Sistema pristavochnyh glagolov dvizheniya v russkom yazyke v sopostavlenii s kitajskim yazykom: dis. kand. filol. nauk / Du Hunczyun'. Moskva, 2010. 199 p.

4. Birmano-russkij slovar' / Pod red. G. F. Mininoj i U Cho Zo. S prilozheniem «Kratkogo ocherka grammatiki birmanskogo yazyka», sost. V. B. Kasevichem. M. : Russkij yazyk, 1976. 733 p.

5. Kasevich V. B., Kim I. I. O mezhurovnevyh sootnosheniyah: skorrelirovannost' fonetiki i grammatiki (na materiale kitajskogo i birmanskogo yazyka) // Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Ser. 9. 2007. Vyp. 2, ch. II. pp. 157–163.

6. Gabova N. I., Hvan S. H. Leksiko-grammaticheskaya gruppa «Glagoly dvizheniya» v russkom i birmanskom yazykah: sopostavitel'nyj analiz: Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj konferencii «Russkij yazyk v stranah ASEAN2-17» // Sostaviteli: sekciya russkogo yazyka gumanitarnogo fakul'teta v universitete Ramkkhamheng, 2017. pp. 62–66.

7. Svobodnaya ehnciklopediya Vikislovar' [Ehlektronnoe izdanie]. URL: https://ru.wiktionary.org/wiki/

8. Efremova T. F. Tolkovyj slovar' russkogo yazyka [Ehlektronnoe izdanie]. URL: https://www.efremova.info/search/

 

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