THE INTERNATIONAL
SCIENTIFIC
JOURNAL

 

 

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT

 

 

УДК 338.43.003.13

 

E. G. ALLAHVERDIEV, Doctoral Candidate

Azerbaijan University of Cooperation, Azerbaijan, Baku

 

SOME ISSUES OF ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY IN AGRICULTURE

Abstract. The article deals with the ways to improve the economic efficiency of investments in agriculture. The necessity of increasing the yield for the development of various sectors of agriculture is analyzed, the relevant proposals are made.

Key words: agriculture, investment, economic efficiency, development, productivity, production costs.

 

REFERENCES

1. Ibragimov I. G. Ehkonomika agrarnogo sektora: monografiya. Baku, 2016. 653 s.

2. Sel'skoe hozyajstvo Azerbajdzhana / Gosudarstvennyj statisticheskij komitet. Baku, 2017.

3. Strategicheskaya dorozhnaya karta po proizvodstvu i pererabotke sel'skohozyajstvennoj produkcii v Azerbajdzhanskoj Respublike»: Ukaz Prezidenta Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki ot 6 dekabrya 2016 goda № 1138. Baku, 2016. 117 s.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

УДК 339.7:338.4/9(479.243)

 

M. G. ABBASOV, Postgraduate

Nakhchivan State University, Azerbaijan, Nakhchivan  


LEADING AREAS OF INVESTMENT IN NAKHICHEVAN AUTONOMOUS REPUBLIC

Abstract. At present, measures to improve the level of General socio-economic development of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (NAR), which is rich in natural and economic resources, have been implemented and are continuing. It should be noted that the NAR is one of the first territorial parts of Azerbaijan, which in accordance with the requirements of the international division of labor, that is, trends in the development of the world economic system, integrated into this system. One of the problems of insufficient development of the NAR economy in accordance with modern requirements is the problem of attracting investments. The article deals with the issues of investment in the economy of the Autonomous Republic, their efficiency and development.

Key words: level of socio-economic development, political relations, agricultural sector, innovation, investment, international integration.

 

REFERENCES

1. Nadyrov A. A. Voprosy razvitiya ehkonomiki Azerbajdzhana. Baku : Ehlm, 2001, 452 s.

2. Razvitie i sovershenstvovanie agrarnyh otnoshenij v usloviyah rynochnoj ehkonomiki. Baku, 2006. 47 s.

3. Atashev Bejali. Strukturnye izmeneniya i problemy ehffektivnosti v agrarnoj otrasli (teoriya i praktika). Baku, 2017. 512 s.

4. Alyev I. G. Ehkonomicheskie interesy v agrarno-promyshlennyh ob’edineniyah. Baku : Ehlm, 1987. S. 3–115.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

УДК 339.138:631.11 

 

T. V. BIRYUKOVA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Аssociate Professor

Z. V. KONOPLEVA, Senior Lecturer

Federal State Budgetary Educational İnstitution of Higher Professional Education "Russian State Agrarian University − Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev", Russian Federation, Moscow

 

THE FEATURES OF THE ELEMENTS OF DIGITAL MARKETING IN AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATIONS

Abstract. In recent years, with the development of digital technology and technologies in Russia there is an intensive use of digital marketing elements in agricultural organizations as the main lever of customer relations. Thus, at present, the main driving element of the development of integration in the economy is the development of digital marketing, as well as the need to integrate its main elements with traditional channels. As a result, the basis of this process is the differentiation of strategies related to the retention of the consumer, the complexity of the functions of marketing departments in the areas of economic efficiency assessment and the integration of customer actions with marketing costs, as well as the increasing need for forecasting and predicting market trends, changes in the marketing model of relations with the Already now in agricultural organizations the use of digital marketing complex is carried out on the software platform of the organization. The main element of such a system is the model of marketing relations, built on the mutual interest of the manufacturer and the consumer, obtained through the modification of interaction with the brand and based on two-way communication, providing the search for new benefits from the use of the product. Thus, an integrated marketing system allows you to create a special management system, built by integrating operational, tactical and strategic marketing processes. Such a system cooperates by bringing the potential consumer to purchase their product by building and maintaining customer relationships. 
Key words: digital marketing, agricultural organizations, integrated marketing communications, integrated marketing communications management methodology, relationship marketing.

 

REFERENCES

1. Akkanina N. V., Romanyuk M. A. Aktual'nye problemy razvitiya rossijskogo ehksporta sel'skohozyajstvennogo syr'ya i prodovol'stviya // Ehkonomika sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossii. 2017. № 2. S. 74–80.

2. Guzij S., Ondrejovichova M. Analiz predpochteniya pokupatelej na rynke produktov pitaniya Rossii // Mezhdunarodnyj sel'skohozyajstvennyj zhurnal. 2015. № 4. S. 54–58.

3. Biryukova T. V. Problemy i perspektivy razvitiya svinovodstva v stranah ES. M. : RGAU-MSKHA, 2014. 186 s.

4. Tulupnikova V. A., Enkina E. V. Osobennosti ehkonomicheskogo rosta v usloviyah importozameshcheniya // Doklady Timiryazevskoj sel'skohozyajstvennoj akademii. 2017. № 289-4. S. 266–269.

5. Biryukova T. V. Obespechenie prodovol'stvennoj bezopasnosti kak odnogo iz osnovopolagayushchego faktora stabil'nogo razvitiya gosudarstva // V sb. Informacionnoe obespechenie ehkonomicheskoj bezopasnosti problemy i napravleniya razvitiya / Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii / Pod nauchnoj redakciej N. N. Karzaevoj, YU. N. Katkova. 2017. S. 15–20.

6. Marketing v agropromyshlennom komplekse: uchebnik i praktikum dlya akademicheskogo bakalavriata / N. V. Akkanina [i dr.] ; pod red. N. V. Akkaninoj. M. : Yurajt, 2018. 314 s.

7. Moiseev A. V. Analiz ehkonomicheskoj ehffektivnosti primeneniya integracii marketingovyh kommunikacij // Molodoj uchenyj. 2016. № 3. S. 571–573.

8. Pisareva E. V. Integrirovannyj marketing menedzhment i marketingovye modeli kompanij v Rossii. M. : Pero, 2016.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________ 

 

 

УДК 339.138:631.145

 

T. V. BIRYUKOVA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

Z. V. KONOPLEVA, Senior Lecturer

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "Russian State Agrarian University − Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev", Russian Federation, Moscow

 

APPLICATION OF MARKETING TECHNIQUES TO PROMOTE PRODUCTS BY AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES IN THE CONDITIONS OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE DIGITAL ECONOMY

Abstract. With the development of digital technology in the Russian economy is significantly changing a number of approaches to business. Now it is possible for many organizations to conduct their activities using a digital environment that allows not only to save money of the enterprise, but also to establish close ties with their customers, based on interaction with the help of elements of integrated marketing. So, for many organizations working in the field of agriculture, the emergence of digital technologies allowed technologically systematize and organize all the main production processes of the enterprise. So integrated marketing gives the opportunity: to establish communication with the consumer; to organize the system of goods circulation; to determine the main directions for further development of the enterprise, through the study of the external and internal environment of the enterprise. In this paper we analyze the experience of foreign countries in the development of integrated marketing communications in the agricultural sector in terms of the digital economy. The role of integrated marketing communications in the agricultural sector of Russia is demonstrated. The application of digital technologies for enterprises of different ownership forms and sizes is estimated. The directions of integration of digital marketing elements for farmers and small-scale organizations are presented. The perspective directions of realization of production of agrarian and industrial complex for farms and small-scale productions with use of the latest technologies are revealed. The importance of building a model of marketing relations between the producer and the consumer in modern conditions is shown. The financial importance of the use of integrated marketing communications in agriculture is estimated.  
Key words: digital economy, vading, small-scale organizations, integrated marketing communications, relationship marketing.


REFERENCES

1. Akkanina N. V., Romanyuk M. A. Aktual'nye problemy razvitiya rossijskogo ehksporta sel'skohozyajstvennogo syr'ya i prodovol'stviya // Ehkonomika sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossii. 2017. № 2. S. 74–80.

2. Guzij S., Ondrejovichova M. Analiz predpochteniya pokupatelej na rynke produktov pitaniya Rossii // Mezhdunarodnyj sel'skohozyajstvennyj zhurnal. 2015. № 4. S. 54–58.

3. Biryukova T. V. Problemy i perspektivy razvitiya svinovodstva v stranah ES. M. : RGAU-MSKHA, 2014. 186 s.

4. Muhametzyanov R. R., Sun Yu. V. Ocenka ob'ektov imushchestva v agrarnoj sfere sbornike: Zakonomernosti i tendencii razvitiya ocenki, upravleniya, ucheta i normativno__ pravovogo obespecheniya finansovoj sistemy Rossii Sbornik statej. Moskva, 2017. S. 294–299.

5. Tulupnikova V. A., Ehnkina E. V. Osobennosti ehkonomicheskogo rosta v usloviyah importozameshcheniya // Doklady Timiryazevskoj sel'skohozyajstvennoj akademii. 2017. № 289-4. S. 266–269.

6. Biryukova T. V. Obespechenie prodovol'stvennoj bezopasnosti kak odnogo iz osnovopolagayushchego faktora stabil'nogo razvitiya gosudarstva // V sb. Informacionnoe obespechenie ehkonomicheskoj bezopasnosti problemy i napravleniya razvitiya / Materialy Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Pod nauchnoj redakciej N. N. Karzaevoj, Yu. N. Katkova. 2017. S. 15–20.

7. Danish Meat Association-Danske Slagterier, Heft 7, 2016. 32 p.

8. Marketing v agropromyshlennom komplekse: uchebnik i praktikum dlya akademicheskogo bakalavriata / N. V. Akkanina [i dr.] ; pod red. N. V. Akkaninoj. M. : Yurajt, 2018. 314 s.

9. Medennikov V. I., Muratova L. G., Gorbachev M. I. Tendencii razvitiya cifrovoj ehkonomiki APK // V sb. Tendencii i zakonomernosti razvitiya APK Rossii: nacional'nyj i mezhdunarodnyj aspekty / Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2017. S. 192–199.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

УДК 631.17.005.591.6

 

T. I. ASHMARINA, Ph. D. of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor

D. A. MOSKALCHENKO, Master's degree

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev", Russian Federation, Moscow

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY

Abstract. The article substantiates the need to introduce fundamentally new naturefriendly technologies that will restore the balance between the biosphere and the technosphere that has been disturbed by man. Agricultural activities have violated natural resource turnover − a kind of natural metabolism, creating technologies that are hostile to it. This is a planetaryscale challenge. The historical aspect of the analysis of domestic technologies for the production of agricultural products was made. The evolution of innovative technologies in agricultural activities is considered. A brief description of agrotechnologies and their causes of negative impact on the agroecosystem is given. The reasons for the transition to nature-friendly technologies are indicated and the principles of their interaction with nature are examined. Naturelike systems and technologies use energy based on NBICS technologies and systems that reproduce wildlife objects. NBICS technologies combine nano-, bio-, information, cognitive and social technologies that contain convergence of a whole spectrum of conjugate technologies, methods, devices, mechanisms, algorithms, processes. Problems in the field of accounting for agricultural activities in which animals and plants undergo a biotransformation process in a controlled environment are noted. In the Russian accounting there is no normative document regulating the accounting of biological assets, the definition of the term "agricultural activities". The structure of nature-like technologies is presented. The transition to new technologies of generation and consumption of energy based on wildlife requires a natural management thinking (nosferzism, social justice) and an analytical and information base for managing biotransformation of biological assets.  
Key words: development of technologies, innovative technologies, nature-friendly technologies, agricultural activities, NBICS-technologies.


REFERENCES

1. Materialy 70-oj General'noj Assamblei OON (15 sentyabrya 2015) N'yu-Jork. [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/50385.

2. Michurin I. V. Sochineniya: v 4 t. 2-e izd., dop. M. : Sel'hozgiz. T. 4: Sbornyj. 1948. 803 s.

3. Voronovskaya E. V. Teoreticheskie osnovy buhgalterskogo ucheta sel'skohozyajstvennoj deyatel'nosti // Izvestiya Mezhdunarodnoj akademii agrarnogo obrazovaniya Sankt-Peterburg. 2013. № 18. S. 115–118.

4. Zemledelie i fiziologiya rastenij: Sbornik obshchedostupnyh lekcij K. A. Timiryazeva. M. : Gos. izd-vo, 1920. VIII. 352 s.

5. Ashmarina T. I. Razvitie tekhnologij v ehkonomike agrarnogo prirodopol'zovaniya // Ehkonomika sel'skogo hozyajstva Rossii. 2017. № 10. S. 46–56.

6. Innovacionnye prirodopodobnye tekhnologii dlya agropromyshlennogo kompleksa. 26 aprelya 2018 goda. Nauchno-tekhnicheskij seminar. NIC «Kurchatovskij institut»-IREA [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.irea.org.ru/about/news/579/.

7. Mezhdunarodnye standarty buhgalterskogo ucheta / Perevod T. SHarashidze. K., 2002. 730 s.

8. Gorkin A. I., Ikonnikova O. V., Simonova V. F. Sel'skohozyajstvennaya deyatel'nost' i ee uchet v sootvetstvii s mezhdunarodnymi standartami finansovoj otchetnosti // Gumanitarnye nauchnye issledovaniya. 2015. № 12.

9. Prirodopodobnoe upravlenie: zhiznedeyatel'nostnyj podhod, bioadekvatnye tekhnologii: Kollektivnaya monografiya / N. M. Gorbov. Bryansk : Novyj proekt, 2017. 157 s.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

УДК 339.564

 

M. G. ABBASOV, Postgraduate

Nakhchivan State University, Azerbaijan, Nakhchivan 


THE INCREASING ROLE OF INVESTMENTS IN EXPORT PROMOTION

Abstract. The author on the example of the agricultural sector of the country's economy, along with the issues of effective integration into the world economic community, accelerating the use of highproductive technologies in agriculture, the competitiveness of this industry to international requirements, explores such pressing problems as the creation of favorable conditions for the export of agricultural products and access to world markets, the acceleration of socio-economic development on the basis of effective use of existing potential.

Key words: highly productive technologies, integration into the world economic community, export of agricultural products, subsidies, food security.

 

REFERENCES

1. Gyul'aliev M. Vneshneehkonomicheskaya deyatel'nost': sbalansirovannost' regulirovaniya s liberal'nost'yu. Baku, 2018. 186 s.

2. Ahmedov M. Globalizaciya i formirovanie nacional'noj ehkonomiki. Baku, 2003. 220 s.

3. Alyev I. G. Sovershenstvovanie mekhanizma ehkonomicheskogo upravleniya v agrarnoj otrasli Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki. Baku, 2003. S. 192–193.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

УДК 339.7:338.4/(479.24) 

 

I. G. HUSEYNOV, Postgraduate

Nakhchivan State University, Azerbaijan, Nakhchivan

 

INVESTMENT POLICY IN THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR – ONE OF THE MAIN COMPONENT PARTS ECONOMIC POLICY OF AZERBAIJAN

Abstract. The article tells about the features of the agricultural sector, the investment policy pursued in this industry and investment processes. Particular attention is paid to the grouping of investment directions, conducted by their choice on the basis of the importance factor and their justification. At the beginning of the work, along with the creation of an idea of the essence of agriculture, tells about the tasks performed by it and its goals, which determines the relationship of the "modules" involved in the study of the problem and complementary to each other, provides information about the forms and possibilities of influence in different situations. Being one of the main directions of the economic policy of Azerbaijan, correctly chosen and justified investment activity is one of the important elements of the development of the agricultural sector. Investment processes are also considered a necessary economic instrument for the development of the country as a whole and its regions. These operations are conducted under various state programs, and various physical or legal persons, turn into a significant impetus to the rapid growth priorities, impact measures for diversification and transformation. In the work the priority of implementation of investment processes is considered in volume, but special attention is paid to each stage. In regional and smaller scales is recommended for use investment, depending on the features brought to him objects are based on real examples.  
Key words: economy of the country, agricultural sector, investments, investment directions, Azerbaijan.

 

REFERENCES

1. Abdullaev A. P. Ekonomika i ehkonomicheskaya politika. Baku : Asiya, 2003. 216 s.

2. Allahverdiev G. A. Gosudarstvennoe regulirovanie nacional'noj ehkonomiki. Baku : AGUEH, 2007. 792 s.

3. Agaev S. T. Organizaciya finansovogo menedzhmenta v predprinimatel'skoj deyatel'nosti. Baku : Elm, 2003. 200 s.

4. Bagirov M. S. Sovremennoe polozhenie i osobennosti formirovaniya proizvodstvennyh i sbytochnyh otnoshenij v sel'skom hozyajstve. Nahchyvan : Gejret. 2014. 107 s.

5. Bagirov M. S., Mahmudov Dzh. I. Razvitie agrarnoj otrasli v Nahchyvanskoj Avtonomnoj Respublike: problemy i puti ih resheniya. Nahchyvan : Adzhemi, 2017. 257 s.

6. Zakon Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki «Ob investicionnoj deyatel'nosti» // Ekonomika i zhizn'. 2002. № 10-12. S. 22–31.

7. Rustamov A. A., Kasumov D. K. Ekonomika agrarnoj sfery i ee upravlenie. Baku : Avropa, 2013. 406 s.

8. Rustamov A. A., Bagirov M. S. Promyshlennye obrazovaniya agrarnoj orientacii – novoe napravlenie v razvitii ehkonomiki regionov Azerbajdzhana // Mezhdunarodnyj tekhnikoehkonomicheskij zhurnal. 2017. № 5. S. 25–32.

9. Ibragimova N. G. Obnovlyayushchayasya ehkonomika i ehkonomicheskij analiz hozyajstvennoj deyatel'nosti. Nahchyvan : Adzhemi, 2015. 184 S.

10. Investicii. Ministerstvo Ehkonomiki Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.economy.gov.az/index.php?lang=az.

11. Ehlektronnyj adres GKS Azerbajdzhanskoj Respubliki [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.stat.gov.az.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________ 

 

 

УДК 339.13:63 

 

E. A. BAKHRAMOV, Postgraduate

Azerbaijan University of Cooperation, Azerbaijan, Baku

 

METHODS AND FORMS OF ENTRY INTO FOREIGN MARKETS, FEATURES OF THE AGRO-FOOD SECTOR

Abstract. The article presents a comparative analysis of methods and forms of access to foreign markets of agricultural products. The factors that determine the entry into the foreign market are characterized. Features of export of production of agrarian and food sector are revealed. The structure of the approximate plan of the exit of the companies operating in agrarian and food sector to the external market is defined. 
Key words: external market, methods, agricultural and food sector, approximate plan.


REFERENCES

1. Alekperov A. G, Alizade A. A. Mezhdunarodnyj marketing. Baku : Ehkonomicheskij Universitet, 2008. 459 s.

2. Abbasov S. A. Sovmestnoe predpriyatie v mezhdunarodnom biznese kak forma organizacii // Nalogovye novosti Azerbajdzhana. S. 75–88.

3. Molchanenko S. A. Ocenochnye harakteristiki funkcionirovaniya predprinimatel'skih struktur // Prioritetnye nauchnye napravleniya: ot teorii k praktike. 2015. № 15. S. 105–109.

4. Dzhafarli G. A. Ehkonomicheskij analiz. Baku : Nauka i Obrazovanie, 2009. 560 s.

 

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

  

PEDAGOGY 

 

 

УДК 53.338.147

 

E. A. TURKINA, Assistant

E. V. HRAMSHINA, Senior Lecturer

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev", Russian Federation, Moscow

 

THE STUDY OF PHYSICS AT THE UNIVERSITY THROUGH RESEARCH

Abstract. The article describes the problem of mastering the subject of "Physics" by University students from the point of view of psychology. The problem of assimilation of students from the point of view of pedagogy is described. The problem of assimilation of students from the point of view of methods of teaching physics is described. The estimation of motivation of students in the study of physics. The description of teaching methods is given. The conclusion is made about some insolvency of the old method of teaching on the basis of difficulties as a result of training of many students. It is concluded that there is a need for more specific methods and models of laboratory work to create on their basis the design environment. It is proposed in the first year in several groups of students to try to introduce a new method of teaching physics developed at the Department by several teachers with the help of self-study by students of laboratory facilities, to demonstrate physical phenomena, based on the knowledge gained by students during lectures, consultations with teachers and from other available sources. A detailed description of the new developed technique is given. It is expected that there will be further actions of teachers in case the new method proves to be untenable.   

Key words: training of students, learning physics, students motivation, new methods, predictions of implementation.

 

REFERENCES

1. Vygotskij L. S. Sobranie sochinenij: v 6 t. / Gl. red. A. V. Zaporozhec. M. : Pedagogika, 1982–1984.

2. Problemy obshchej psihologii / Pod. red. V. V. Davydova. 1982. T. 2. 504 s.

3. Osnovy uchebno-issledovatel'skoj deyatel'nosti studentov : uchebnik dlya stud. sred. ucheb. zavedenij / E. V. Berezhnova, V. V. Kraevskij. 2-e izd., ster. M. : Izda-tel'skij centr Akademiya, 2006. 128 s.

4. Efremova N. A., Rudkovskaya V. F. Problemy i osobennosti obucheniya studentov 1–2 kursov v oblasti fiziki // Problemy obrazovaniya v sovremennoj Rossii na postsovetskom prostranstve: Materialy VIII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. Penza, 2006. S. 143–146.

5. Semenov YU. V. Formirovanie obobshchennyh informacionnyh umenij v processe obucheniya fizike // Prepodavanie fiziki v vysshej shkole. 1995. № 3. S. 57–61.

6. Bogoyavlenskaya A. E. Pedagogicheskoe rukovodstvo samostoyatel'noj rabotoj i razvitiem poznavatel'noj samostoyatel'nosti studentov: ucheb. posobie / A. E. Bogoyavlenskaya. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. Tver' : Tver. gos. un-t, 2006. 106 s.

7. Larionov V. V., Lider A. M., Pisarenko S. B. Laboratorno-proektnye raboty v sisteme fizicheskogo praktikuma // Fizicheskoe obrazovanie v vuzah. 2007. T. 13. № 2. S. 69–78.

8. Bashlachev V. A., Bystrov G. S., Ershov A. P., Dmitriev G. V., Turkin A. V. Metodicheskie ukazaniya k laboratornym rabotam po fizike dlya studentov 1 kursa vsekh fakul'tetov. M. : MGAU im. V. P. Goryachkina, 2007. 43 s.

9. Leonov YU. V., Prishchepa L. T. Formy aktivizacii poznavatel'noj deyatel'nosti studentov na laboratornyh zanyatiyah s ehlementami problemnosti // Formy i metody aktivizacii poznavatel'nyh interesov studentov v processe prepodavaniya fizicheskih disciplin: Mezhvuzov. sb. nauch. trudov / Otv. red. A. B. Varnavskih. – Rostov-na-Donu: RGPI, 1985. 150 s.

10. Fejnman R., Lejton R., Sehnds M. Fejnmanovskie lekcii po fizike. Vypusk 1-2: Sovremennaya nauka o prirode. Zakony mekhaniki; Prostranstvo. Vremya. Dvizhenie. 3-e izd. M. : Mir, 1976. 440 s.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

УДК 004:37

 

E. P. MASLYUKOV, Senior Lecturer

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev", Russian Federation, Moscow

 

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND INFORMATION PROCESSING IN DISTANCE EDUCATION

Abstract. The transition to a post-industrial, information society suggests that at least, and even more than 40...50 % of the population should have higher or special education. Training of such a mass of the population in full-time form is hardly possible, therefore, in recent decades the number of students enrolled in distance educational technologies has been growing faster than the number of full-time students. The trend of transition to distance education structures is also observed in the growth of the number of universities that train students in these technologies. In the article the necessity of application in educational process of new educational technologies that will extend the range produced by students of the mind tions and skills. Distance learning allows for the formation of students ' ideas, knowledge and skills, using traditional and new information and telecommunication technologies, regardless of the location of the student and the teacher. It allows each person on the basis of their individual style to develop their own learning path. The main advantages, disadvantages and prospects of distance learning development are shown.

Key words: multimedia technologies, innovative ways of teaching, interactivity, distance educational technologies, computer technologies, distance learning system, student, teacher, teacher-expert, course developer, administrator.

 

REFERENCES

1. Miheeva E. V. Informacionnye tekhnologii v professional'noj deyatel'nosti: ucheb. posobie. M. : Prospekt, 2014. 448 s.

2. Grekul V. I. Proektirovanie informacionnyh sistem : uchebnoe posobie / V. I. Grekul, G. N. Denishchenko, N. L. Korovkina. 2-e izd., ispr. M. : Internet-Universitet Informacionnyh Tekhnologij; BINOM. Laboratoriya znanij, 2012. 300 s. (Seriya «Osnovy informacionnyh tekhnologij»).

3. Makarova N. V., Volkov V. B. Informatika (dlya bakalavrov): Uchebnik dlya vuzov. SPb. : Piter, 2011. 576 s.

4. Markova S. V. Informatika. Algoritmizaciya i programmirovanie: praktikum. M. : FGOU VPO MGAU, 2011. 92 s.

5. Informatika. Informacionnye sistemy. Informacionnye tekhnologii. Te-stirovanie. Podgotovka k internet-ehkzamenu / G. N. Hubaev [i dr.]; pod obshch. red. G. N. Hubaeva. 3-e izd., dop. i pererab. Rostov-na-Donu : Izdatel'skij centr «MarT»; «Feniks», 2011. 368 s. (Biblioteka studenta).

6. Informatika: Ehkspress-podgotovka k internet-testirovaniyu: ucheb. posobie / V. M. Titov, O. N. Rubal'skaya, O. V. Malenkova i dr.; pod red. O. N. Rubal'skoj. M. : Finansy i statistika; INFRA-M, 2010. 240 s.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________