THE INTERNATIONAL
SCIENTIFIC
JOURNAL

Contents

ECONOMIC SCIENCES  

Gorlov V. V.

The model of selecting optimal logistics strategy for an oil company in the field of maritime transport

 
7

Sokolov K. O., Sergeicheva I. A.

Outsourcing as a segment of development of innovative activity of the enterprise

 
14

Askerov A.

Format on process of industrial parks in our republic

 
18

Mamedov G. A.

The role of infrastructure in the expansion of reproduction

 
24

Khnykina T. S., Makar A. I.

Developing of recommendation services for a recreational hotel complexes of various types

 
31

 

 

TECHNICAL SCIENCES 

Korol’kova L. I., Mashrabov N.

Calculation of the distribution of the time to failure for the subsystem with group reserve

 
36

Osadchiy E. N.

Analysis of the impact of automasinai on the dynamic range of microwave amplifiers to the resonant tunneling diodes

 
42

Zavodyanskaya Е. А.

Assessment of risks and dangers of breaks in rodscages of the rotor of the asynchronous engine

 
47

Andreev S. A., Matveev A. I., Zdanchuk A. I.

Two-dimensional modeling of the flow of a liquid through an obstacle with the use of the lattice Boltzmann method

 
52

Bazhin G. M.

Analysis of the stressed state arising in the beams of the cover for inclusion in the joint work of profiled flooring

 
61

Andreev O. P., Tambovtsev M. A.

Schemes for controlling refrigeration units with different types of drive

 
66

Mochunova N. A., Karapetyan M. A.

Optimization of the placement of repair facilities and one hundred agricultural machinery

 
70

Mustafaev Zh. S., Ivanova N. I., Seysenov S. B.

Evaluation of planning and realization of water use on water systems of the South Kazakhstan region

 
74

Kalinin A. O.

Methods of predicting the velocity of propagation of crown fires

 
79

Nekrasova I. S.

The main aspects of the international normative-legal provision of ecological safety in transport

 
84

Gurina R. R., Sokov R. S., Baris E. V., Khrenova A. P.

Personal safety in professional practice

 
93

 

 

HUMANITARIAN SCIENCE 

Romanova N. N., Amelina I. O.

The case-technology in teaching foreign students russian business communication

 
98

Pinevich E. V.

Distance learning: problems and solutions

 
106

Ivanova S. P.

The study of foreign languages in the conditions of intercultural communication

 
111

Solyanik O. E.

Motivation increase in learning a language to create a russian language textbook for the foreign students at the technical university

 
115

Semyshev M. V., Semysheva V. M., Andruschenok E. V.

Developing information-communicative competence of students in agrarian high school using videos

 
121

Aksenova O. Yu., Pachkina A. A., Ovsyankina E. A.

Computer graphics in the training of specialists for mining industry

 
125

Zhurbina E. V.

The mosaic "Coronation of Venus centauresses" IV v. n. e. from Elles (Proconsular Africa): the issue of iconography

 
131

 

 

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

ECONOMIC SCIENCES

 

 

УДК 658.7:665

 

V. V. GORLOV, Doctor of Economics, Professor

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) named after I. M. Gubkin", Russian Federation, Moscow

 

THE MODEL OF SELECTING OPTIMAL LOGISTICS STRATEGY FOR AN OIL COMPANY IN THE FIELD OF MARITIME TRANSPORT

Abstract. Today the greatest share of world shipments of crude oil accounts for two types of transportation: pipeline and tanker. It is very important for each oil-producing region to have accessibility to these types of transport, because it determines not only the possibility of extraction but also sales opportunities the crudes on the world market. About 60% of the total global volume of crude oil are transported by sea. Compared to other modes of transport Maritime transport have certain advantages. First, to transport one ton of cargo takes significantly less fuel, resulting in greater fuel efficiency. This is complemented by huge storage capacity of vessels, which also has a positive effect on unit costs. In conditions of instability of world energy markets, the ability of oil companies to take effective logistics strategy is a clear competitive differentiator. Among these strategies are: hire of the vessel on the free market or the creation of its own transport capacities. Accordingly, it is important to analyze each of the logistic solutions company in order to understand which of them is more profitable. With this purpose, a model was developed to select the optimal logistics strategy for an oil company on the basis of economic-mathematical modeling by Monte Carlo, which can be used in the practice of oil and gas companies as well as large traders with sufficient capital to build a fleet.

Keywords: chartering, freight rate, rental of tankers, model Monte Carlo.

 

REFERENCES

1. Millionyi barreley nefti plavayut v more // Informatsionno-analiticheskiy portal «Elittreyder.ru». 2015. 14 yanv. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://elitetrader.ru/index.php?newsid=235369

2. Abramov Dmitriy. Kommercheskie usloviya tankernyih charterov // Sayt dlya moryakov. 2016 [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://seaspirit.ru/navigator/kes/kommercheskie-usloviya-tankernyx-charterov.html

3. Scherbanin Yu. A. Transportno-logisticheskoe obespechenie i mezhdunarodnyie perevozki uglevodorodnogo syirya: uchebnoe posobie. − 2-e izdanie. – M. : Infra-M, 2012. − 288 p.

4. Atkins Eric. Why oil speculators are turning to ships as floating storage // The Globe and Mail. 2016 [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/industry-news/energy-and-resources/why-oil-speculators-are-turning-to-ships-as-floating-storage/ article28846311/

5. Review of maritime transport 2016 // UNCTAD [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://unctad.org/en/Pages/home.aspx

6. Tanker Fleet and Oil Movements Analysis // Lloyd’s List Intelligence [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://www.lloydslistintelligence.com/llint/tankers/index.htm

7. Ownership of the world fleet // UNCTAD. 2015 [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://unctadstat.unctad.org/wds/TableViewer/tableView.aspx?ReportId=80100 

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

УДК 658:005.591.43

 

K. O. SOKOLOV, Ph. D. of Economics, Associate professor

I. A. SERGEICHEVA, Ph. D. of Economics, Associate professor

Educational Institution of Professional Education "South Ural Institute of Management and Economics", Russian Federation, Chelyabinsk  


OUTSOURCING AS A SEGMENT OF DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY OF THE ENTERPRISE

Abstract. The article discusses the main reasons of enterprises for outsourcing. The major trends in outsourcing are: outsourcing of marketing, outsourcing of project management, outsourcing of personnel, outsourcing of accounting, outsourcing of transport and technical services transport, outsourcing in the it sector. According to the authors, the popularity of outsourcing in the sphere of intellectual and creative labor due to the fact that outsourcing necessarily associated with mylenium, diffusion of property rights. The classification of the main types of outsourcing are presented in the form of a matrix, the classification features are as follows: "the level of strategic importance of competences" and "competencies as resources". The conditions hindering the development of innovative outsourcing in Russia and the factors of its success are defined.

Key words: outsourcing, outsourcer, outsource, innovation, innovation, innovation outsourcing.

 

REFERENCES

1. Khlebnikov D. V. Autsorsing kak instrument snizheniya biznes-zatrat i optimizatsii biznes-sistemy // Kompas promyshlennoy restrukturizatsii. – 2004. − № 2. – рр. 18.

2. Ford Genri. Moya zhizn', moi dostizheniya: per. s angl. / Genri Ford; nauch. red. E. A. Kocherin. – M. : Finansy i statistika, 1989. – 206 p.

3. Research Products & Services [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://www.gartner.com/technology/about.jsp

4. Autsorsing i autstaffing: vysokie tekhnologii menedzhmenta: ucheb. posobie dlya studentov vyssh. ucheb. zavedeniy / B. A. Anikin, I. L. Rudaya: Gos. un-t upr. – M. : Infra-M, 2007. – 286 p.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

УДК 338 (4/.9)(479.24) 

 

A. ASKEROV, Ph. D. candidate

Nakhchivan state University, Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic

 

FORMAT ON PROCESS OF INDUSTRIAL PARKS IN OUR REPUBLIC

Abstract. The article focuses on establisment and formation of industrial parks which are of particular importance in the implementation of priority tasks, such as diversification of the country’s economy, reducing of dependence on the non-oil sector, involvement of existing potential into production turnover, replenishment of domestic demand through domestic production, increasing of competitiveness production, providing of employment, attracting of investment and modern technologies, providing of balanced development and eliminating the problem of interregional economic developmental discrepancy. Industrial parks have been identified as a new stage in ensuring economic development, its placement issues have been reviewed, and a single classification of industrial park management criteria has been provided in the article.  
Key words: industrial parks, industrial potential, diversification of economy, economic development, efficiency.

 

REFERENCES

1. Kontseptsiya Razvitiya «Azerbaydzhan – 2020: vzglyad na budushchee» ot 29 dekabrya 2012 goda.

2. Mezhdunarodnyy ekonomicheskiy otchet − 2010 (World Economic Survey). Ob"edinennye Natsii − N'yu-York, 2011. – 428 р.

3. Promyshlennye parki kak elementy vspomogatel'noy sistemy predprinimatel'stva // Gazeta «Igtisadiyyat». – 2017. − № 8(951).

4. Askerov A. N. Promyshlennye parki – kak novyy pozyv v ekonomicheskom razvitii Nakhchyvanskoy Avtonomnoy Respubliki // Nauchnye trudy NGU. – 2017. − № 2(83) − рр. 265−269.

5. Musaev A. F. Innovatsionnaya ekonomika i nalogovoe stimulirovanie. − Baku: Azerbaydzhan, 2014. – 184 p.

6. Ozdemir M. Organizatsionno-promyshlennye regiony Turtsii. − Ankara, 2010. – 592 р.

7. Nuriev A. X. Regional'naya politika i osnovy upravleniya. – 2-e izd. – Baku : Elm, 2007. – 427 p.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________ 

 

 

УДК 338.49:330.32

 

G. A. MAMEDOV, Ph. D. of Economics, Associate professor

Nakhchivan State University, Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic

 

THE ROLE OF INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE EXPANSION OF REPRODUCTION

Abstract. The article examines all the factors affecting production for the orderly implementation of the reproduction. Here we consider 4 phases and forms of reproduction. Analyzed progressive, proportional, regressive, stable and combined forms of reproduction. It is noted that the improvement of the quality of all infrastructures creates the conditions for expanded reproduction, and it plays an important role in improving the material and cultural well-being of the population.   
Key words: infrastructure, reproduction, agriculture, progressive, proportional, regressive, stable, mixed, economic growth.


REFERENCES

1. Veliev T. S., Gafarov Sh. S. Ekonomicheskaya teoriya: Uchebnik. − Baku: Azpoligraf LTD, 2004.

2. Marks K., Engel's F. Sochineniya. − 2-e izd. − M. : Gos. izdatel'stvo politicheskoy literatury, 1955. − T. 26/1.

3. Kerimov E. N., Osmanov B. O. Ekonomicheskaya teoriya: Uchebnik. − Baku: tipogr. Veten, 2010.

4. Gokzhaeva E. B., Ponomareva M. A. Regional'naya ekonomika: infastrukturnye problemy : Uchebnoe posobie. – Rostov-n/D : Sodeystvie-XXI vek, 2014.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

УДК 338.46:640.4.04 

 

T. S. KHNYKINA, Ph. D. of Economics, Associate professor

A. I. MAKAR, Undergraduate

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education "Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University Peter the Great", Russian Federation, Saint-Petersburg 

 

DEVELOPING OF RECOMMENDATION SERVICES FOR A RECREATIONAL HOTEL COMPLEXES OF VARIOUS TYPES

Abstract. The article considers a new kind of hotels, an analysis of the current state of recreational hotels in the Russian Federation is carried out. A list of standard services for hotels of different types is proposed, which having advisory nature and is developed depending on the specialization and possibilities of the hotel.  
Key words: recreational hotel complex, recreational hotel, accommodation facilities, wellness services.


REFERENCES

1. Aleksandrova A. Yu. Struktura turistskogo rynka // Voprosy ekonomiki. − 2014. − № 7. − pp. 35−50.

2. Zorin I. V., Zorin A. I., Irisova T. A. Turizm i otraslevye sistemy: Uchebnik dlya vuzov turisticheskogo profilya. − M., 2001. − рр. 5−16.

3. Moiseeva N. K. Izmenenie modeley innovatsionnogo razvitiya kompaniy // Marketing. − 2015. − № 4(143). − pp. 91−98.

4. Mukhina L. I. Printsipy i metody tekhnologicheskoy otsenki prirodnykh kompleksov. − M. : Nauka, 1973. − pp. 24−35.

 

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

  

TECHNICAL SCIENCES 

 

 

УДК 631.173.4–192:519.254

 

L. I. KOROL’KOVA, Ph. D. of Engineering, Professor

Federal Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education "South Ural State University (National Research University)"

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “South Ural State Agrarian University”, Institute of Agricultural Engineering

N. MASHRABOV, Ph. D. of Engineering, Associate professor

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “South Ural State Agrarian University”, Institute of Agricultural Engineering

 

CALCULATION OF THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE TIME TO FAILURE FOR THE SUBSYSTEM WITH GROUP RESERVE

Abstract. The application of the previously developed method of conditional probabilities to obtain the distribution of time to failure of a subsystem to group the stock items in case of similar elements operate in different modes is illustrated. The resulting distribution function is used for solving problems of optimal reservation. For example, the subsystem of two forks gearshift built the required distribution functions for the case of one and two spares.   

Key words: arbitrary distribution function of time to failure, group stock, schematization, residual duration, duration and probability of transitions.

 

REFERENCES

1. Viktorova V. S., Stepanyants A. S. Modeli i metody rascheta nadezhnosti tekhnicheskikh sistem. – M. : Lenand, 2016. – 256 p.

2. Kashtanov V. A., Medvedev A. I. Teoriya nadezhnosti slozhnykh sistem. – 2-e izd., pererab. – M. : FIZMATLIT, 2010. – 608 p.

3. Barlou R., Proshan F. Matematicheskaya teoriya nadezhnosti: Per. s angl. / Pod red. B. V. Gnedenko. − M. : Sovetskoe radio, 1969. – 489 p.

4. Antonov A. V., Plyaskin A. V., Tataev Kh. N. K voprosu rascheta nadezhnosti rezervirovannykh struktur s uchetom stareniya elementov // Nadezhnost'. – 2013. – № 1. – рр. 55−67.

5. Churkin V. V. Otsenka i optimizatsiya komplekta ZIP s pomoshch'yu metoda statisticheskogo modelirovaniya // Nauchno-tekhnicheskie vedomosti SPbGPU. Informatika. Telekommunikatsii. Upravlenie. – 2015. – № 2–3(217–222). – рр. 79–92.

6. Korol'kov I. V., Korol'kova L. I. Bezotkaznost' sistem s zapasnymi elementami // Problemy mashinostroeniya i nadezhnosti mashin. – 2006. – № 4. – рр. 109−115.

7. Korol'kova L. I., Ignat'ev G. S. Raschet narabotki do otkaza podsistemy s odnotipnymi elementami s gruppovym zapasom elementov // Tekhnika v sel'skom khozyaystve. – 2012. – № 3. – рр. 26−27.

8. Korol'kova L. I., Ignat'ev G. S., Mashrabov N. Bezotkaznost' gruppy kombaynov s nenagruzhennym rezervom // Traktory i sel'khozmashiny. – 2014. – № 8. – рр. 46−48.

9. Korol'kova L. I. Razrabotka metodov otsenivaniya nadezhnosti dlya sokrashcheniya ob"emov ispytaniy kapital'no otremontirovannoy sel'skokhozyaystvennoy tekhniki: dis. .… kand. tekhn. nauk / Korol'kova Lyudmila Ivanovna. – Chelyabinsk , 1989. – 183 p.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

УДК 621.375.029.4/.6

 

E. N. OSADCHIY, Ph. D. of Engineering, Associate professor

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education "Southern Federal University", Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don

 

ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF AUTOMASINAI ON THE DYNAMIC RANGE OF MICROWAVE AMPLIFIERS TO THE RESONANT TUNNELING DIODES

Abstract. The effect of auto-displacement in a resonant-tunnel diode (RTD) on the dynamic range of amplifiers on these diodes is considered. Taking into account autosplacement, two possible types of amplitude characteristics and boundaries of their existence were revealed. For these two types of amplitude characteristics, expressions were obtained that determine the dynamic range of the amplifier. 

Key words: resonance-tunnel diode, current-voltage characteristic (VAC) of the diode, dynamic range, gain factor, degree of regeneration, power mode of the amplifier for RTD.

 

REFERENCES

1. Dem'yanenko A. V., Alekseev Yu. I., Gevorkyan A. V. Amplitudno-chastotnaya kharakteristika (AChKh) usilitelya na lavinno-proletnom diode v rezhime detektirovaniya SVCh-amplitudno- modulirovannykh opticheskikh kolebaniy // Inzhenernyy vestnik Dona. − 2014. − № 2. [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://ivdon.ru/magazine/archive/n2y2014/250/

2. Osadchiy E. N. Kvazilineynyy analiz raboty rezonansno-tunnel'nogo dioda s pomoshch'yu polinomov razlichnykh stepeney // Uspekhi sovremennoy nauki. − 2016. − № 12. − pp. 132−138.

3. Budyakov P. S., Belich S. S., Semenishchev E. A., Fedoseev S. V., Medvedev D. V., Serebryakov A. I. Upravlyaemye izbiratel'nye usiliteli SVCh diapazona // Inzhenernyy vestnik Dona. − 2012. − № 4 [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://ivdon.ru/magazine/archive/n2y2012/250/

4. Alimov A. P., Zmiy B. F. Sintez usiliteley promezhutochnoy chastoty s povyshennymi pokazatelyami kachestva // Inzhenernyy vestnik Dona. − 2017. − № 1 [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://ivdon.ru/magazine/archive/n3y2017/250/

5. Moskaliuk V. Simplified analytical model of resonant-tunneling diode // Abstracts Proceedings of 32nd International Spring Seminar on Electronics Technology "ISSE 2009". – Brno, Czech Republic, 2009. − pp. 1−5.

6. Zohta Y. Improved optical model for resonant tunneling diode // J. Appl. Phys. 1993. Vol. 74. P. 6996–6998.

7. Schulman J. N. Extension of Tsu-Esaki model for effective mass effects in resonant tunneling // Appl. Phys. Lett. 1998. Vol. 72. P. 2829−2831.

8. Qiu Z. J. Experimental verification of origin of plateau-like current-voltage characteristics of resonant tunneling diodes / Z. J. Qiu, Y. S. Gui, S. L. Guo et. al. // Appl. Phys. Lett. 2007. Vol. 4. P. 1961–1963.

9. Alkeev N. V., Lyubchenko V. E., Velling R., Khorenko E., Prost W., Tegude F. J. Ekvivalentnaya skhema rezonansno-tunnel'nogo dioda na osnove InGaAs/InAlAs v millimetrovom diapazone dlin voln // Radiotekhnika i elektronika. − 2004. − T. 49. − № 7. − pp. 886−892.

10. Kapaev V. V. Vysokochastotnyy otklik i vozmozhnosti perestraivaemogo po chastote teragertsovogo uzkopolosnogo usileniya v rezonansno-tunnel'nykh nanostrukturakh // ZhETF. − 2013. − T. 143. − pp. 569.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

УДК 311:330.4

 

I. Kh . UTAKAEVA, Ph. D. Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Senior lecturer The Department of data analysis in decision-making and financial technologies

K. A. KHMELEVSKAYA, Student of the direction "Business Informatics"

Federal State Educational Budget Institution of Higher Education "Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation" (Financial University), Russian Federation, Moscow 

 

EXPERIENCE А ECONOMETRIC MODELING USING THE STATISTICAL ANALYSIS PACKAGE PYTHON

Abstract. The use of econometric methods may be interfered by the high cost of commercial packages for statistical analysis. A way out of this situation is to use open source software, a good example of which is the statistical analysis package in Python. Python is a modern programming language, popular in the world scientific environment. The article demonstrates the new features of pricing in the secondary market of cars. 

Key words: econometrics, model, Python, statistics, regression equation.

 

REFERENCES

1. Lopatnikov L. I. Ekonomiko-matematicheskiy slovar'. – M. : Delo, 2003. − 520 p.

2. Makkinli U. Python i analiz dannykh. − M. : DMK-Press, 2015.

3. Bogdanov A.L. Ekonometricheskiy analiz rynka poderzhannykh avtomobiley [Elektronnyy resurs]. – Access mode: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ekonometricheskiy-analiz-rynka-poderzhannyh-avtomobiley.

 

 

 

УДК 621.865.8:338.439

 

S. A. ANDREEV, Ph. D. of Engineering, Associate professor

R. Hk. YUSUPOV, Doctor of Engineering, Professor

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev", Moscow, Russian Federation 

 

ROBOTIC SYSTEMS MULTIBAND SORTING OF AGHICULTURAL PRODUCTS

Abstract. Sort of agricultural products carried out at various stages of production, processing and storage. Unfortunately, the sorting of agricultural products remains the least automated process, requiring a large amount of manual labor. Difficulty sorting automated due to the need to implement the principle of multiband and high risk product damage by mechanical action on these actuators. To improve performance, while multiband sorting is reducing the damage of the products offered to the robotic system based on the principle of optoelectronic quality control. When the system analyzed the flow unit (piece) products sent from the hopper feed conveyor in a control zone, which is exposed to radiation from a diffuse light source. Perceiving the reflected light beam, recognizing device sequentially analyzes the moving individual products in accordance with a predetermined algorithm. Recognizes the device comprises a threshold elements, logic inverters, logic circuits overlap, receptionists subjects in the group, actuators, measuring instrument and extra-mal converter. Each actuator comprises an electromagnet with two sub-cores Vision, two hollow U-shaped frame and the sleeve mounted on axles. Piece supply of individual objects with an interval between them, no less the length of the U-shaped frame provides them with guaranteed separation into fractions. The end result is a perfect sort sorted stream of single products, is entirely consistent with stated objectives screening. Application of robotic system increases the efficiency of the screening process by 10...20 %, 1.5...2 times reduces defect products and simplifies the layout of the technological equipment. 

Key words: agricultural products, multiband sorting, optical features, the actuators.

 

REFERENCES

1. Sorochkin B. M., Bogdanov E. O. Avtomatizatsiya mnogodiapazonnoy sortirovki. – L. : Mashinostroenie, Leningradskoe otdelenie, 1973. – 175 p.

2. Khar'kin O. S. Upravlenie peremeshcheniem malogabaritnykh detaley pri avtomatizatsii mnogodiapazonnoy sortirovki struynymi ustroystvami : avtoref. dis. kand. tekhn. nauk. / Khar'kin Oleg Sergeevich − Volgorad, 2007. – 17 p.

3. Kochenov M. I., Pravotorova E. A., Sergeev V. I. Veroyatnostnoe modelirovanie v zadachakh tochnosti. − M. : Nauka, 1973. − 152 p.

4. Kuvshinskiy V. V. Avtomatizatsiya tekhnologicheskikh protsessov v mashinostroenii. − M. : Mashinostroenie, 1972. − 272 p.

5. Avtorskoe svidetel'stvo 1319934 SSSR. MKI A 01 C 5/08. Ustroystvo dlya sortirovki predmetov po gruppam / Anderzhanov A. L., Kovalev S. I., Andreev S. A., Tishakov A. A. – № 4023086/30-12; zayavl. 13.02.1986; opubl. 30.06.1987. Byul. № 24.

6. Andreev S. A. Mnogodiapazonnaya sortirovka ob"ektov v robotizirovannykh tekhnologicheskikh protsessakh APK // Sovremennye dostizheniya v oblasti tekhnicheskikh nauk : Sbornik nauchnykh trudov po itogam mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. № 1. − Orenburg, 2016. – рр. 41−44.

7. Borodin I. F., Andreev S. A. Avtomatizatsiya tekhnologicheskikh protsessov i sistemy avtomaticheskogo upravleniya: uchebnik dlya prikladnogo bakalavriata. – 3-e izd., ispr. i dop. – M. : Yurayt, 2017. – 356 p.

8. Bashilov A. M., Starovoytov V. I., Anderzhanov A L. Avtomatizatsiya kontrolya kachestva kartofelya, ovoshchey i plodov : proizvodstvenno-prakticheskoe izdanie. − M. : Agropromizdat, 1987. − 197 p.

9. Avtorskoe svidetel'stvo №1395393 SSSR. MKI A 01 C 5/342. Ustroystvo dlya sortirovki shtuchnykh predmetov / Anderzhanov A. L., Andreev S. A., Kovalev S. I., Kayumov K. M. – № 4113465/30-13; zayavl. 22.08.1986; opubl. 15.05.1988, Byul. № 18. – 5 p.

10. Andreev S. A. Robotizirovannaya sistema dlya sortirovki sel'skokhozyaystvennoy produktsii // Tekhnicheskie nauki: tendentsii, perspektivy i tekhnologii razvitiya : Sbornik nauchnykh trudov po itogam mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii 11 oktyabrya 2016 g. Vypusk III / Innovatsionnyy Tsentr Razvitiya Obrazovaniya i Nauki. − Volgograd , 2016. – рр. 144−148.

 

 

 

УДК 519.242:633.15

 

E. A. KOTELEVSKAYA, Senior Teacher

Federal State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Education «Kuban State Agrarian University named after I. T. Trubilin», Russian Federation, Krasnodar 

 

DETAILING BY THE EXPERIMENT PLANNING METHOD THE MAIN PARAMETERS OF THE INSTALLATION FOR SORTING THE SEEDS OF THE SEED MAIZE

Abstract. The main factors influencing the process of screening of the cleaned and raw cobs of seed maize are considered. The analysis of two-dimensional sections of the response surfaces of the mathematical model of cob-separation is carried out. The slope of the ascending plane and the coverage of the cob with wrapping leaves are defined as the main factors.

Key words: corn cobs, response surface, two-dimensional section, wrapping leaves.

 

REFERENCES

1. Frolov V. Yu., Sysoev D. P., Tumanova M. I. Razdatchik-izmel'chitel' grubykh kormov // Sel'skiy mekhanizator. – 2014. − № 3(61). – pp. 24−25.

2. Frolov V. Yu., Sysoev D. P., Tumanova M. I. Klassifikatsiya razdatchikov-izmel'chiteley kormov // Tekhnika i oborudovanie dlya sela. – 2015. − № 7. – pp. 18−20.

3. Petunina I. A., Kotelevskaya E. A. Analiticheskiy obzor mekhanizatsii razdeleniya vorokha pochatkov // Vestnik Ryazanskogo gosudarstvennogo agrotekhnologicheskogo universiteta im. P. A. Kostycheva. – 2015. − № 4(28). − pp. 80−82.

4. Petunina I. A., Kotelevskaya E. A. Ploskost' peremennoy krivizny dlya razdeleniya pochatkov semennoy kukuruzy // Mezhdunarodnyy tekhniko-ekonomicheskiy zhurnal. − 2016. − № 3. − pp. 82−85. 

 

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

ECOLOGY

 

УДК 631.91.005.33

 

V. N. PRYAKHIN, Doctor of Engineering, Professor

N. A. MOCHUNOVA, Ph. D. in Engineering, Associate professor

A. O. KALININ, postgraduate

Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev", Moscow, Russian Federation

 

TECHNOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS AND THEIR CONSEQUENCES IN THE OPERATION OF AUTOMATED SYSTEMS OF AGRIBUSINESS

Abstract. The possibilities of modeling complex systems of agriculture are considered. The main factors of hazards and emergencies technogenic and ecological character are revealed. The analysis and risk assessment in various conditions of system functioning are conducted.   

Key words: accident, disaster, emergency, mathematical diagrams, the effects of natural phenomena, environmental disasters, risk analysis and assessment.

 

REFERENCES

1. Pryakhin V. N., Boreysha E. V., Poltoratskiy P. P. Ekologicheskoe obosnovanie vida tekhnicheskikh sredstv dlya mekhanizatsii i avtomatizatsii poliva i uvlazhneniya v usloviyakh zashchishchennogo grunta // Materialy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii «Problemy ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti i prirodopol'zovaniya». − M. : Norma, 2006. – Vyp. 7. – рр. 277−280.

2. Pryakhin V. N., Sokolov V. V., Il'inich O. V. Analiz razlichnykh variantov avtomatizirovannykh sistem upravleniya polivom, podkormkoy i uvlazhneniem vozdukha v usloviyakh otkrytogo i zashchishchennogo grunta // Mezhdunarodnyy tekhniko-ekonomicheskiy zhurnal. − 2010. − № 5. − рр. 48−50.

3. Shishkin E. V., Chkhartishvili A. G. Matematicheskie metody i modeli v upravlenii: Uchebnoe posobie. – 2-e izd., ispr. – M. : Delo, 2002. – 440 p.

4. Pryakhin V. N., Solov'ev S. S. Bezopasnost' zhiznedeyatel'nosti v prirodoobustroystve: Kurs lektsiy i komplekt testovykh zadaniy dlya studentov vuzov: Uchebnoe posobie. − 3-e izd., ispr. i dop. – SPb. : Lan', 2009. − 352 p.

5. Izmalkov V. I., Izmalkov A. V. Tekhnogennaya i ekologicheskaya bezopasnost' i upravlenie riskom. – SPb. : NITsEB RAN, 1998. – 482 p.

 

 

 

УДК 338.46:502.5.005.52

 

Zh. S. MUSTAFAEV, Doctor of Technical Sciences

A. T. KOZYKEEVA, Doctor of Technical Sciences

Kazakh National Agrarian University

L. V. KIREYCHEVA, Doctor of Technical Sciences

All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation named after A.N. Kostyakov

N. A. TURSYNBAYEV, doctoral student PhD

Taraz State University M. H. Dulati 

 

METHODOLOGICAL SUBSTANTIATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES OF NATURAL SYSTEM AND ANTHROPOGENIC ACTIVITY OF HYDROAGROLANDSHAFT SYSTEMS

Abstract. On the basis of the program «Agenda for the XXI Century», adopted by the UN in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, telling a reasonable, equitable and fair distribution of water resources of transboundary rivers, the methods and methodological provision for the support of the environmental services of natural systems and human activities catchments of river basins as habitat-forming system allows the construction of highly gidroagrolandshaftnyh system corresponding energy cosmic factors etc. native systems and in the framework of regulation and management of the earth of life factors of vegetation and soil cover landscapes.

Key words: methodology, methodology, catchment, river, area, balance, productivity, landscape, ecology, service, water, energy, plants, soil.

 

REFERENCES

1. Mustafayev Zh. S. The ecological justification for the amelioration of agricultural lands. − Berlin: LAP LAMBERT, 2016. − 378 c.

2. Ivanov N. N. Zones of humidification of the globe // Izv. Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Series geography and geophysics, 1941. − № 3. − рр. 15−32.

3. Mustafayev Zh. S., Ryabtsev A. D. Adaptive and landscape land reclamation in Kazakhstan. − Taraz: BIG NEO Service, 2012. − 528 p.

4. Aidarov I. P., Golovanov A. I., Nikolsky Yu. N. Optimization of reclamation regimes of irrigated and drained agricultural lands (recommendations).− Moscow VO «Agropromizdat», 1990. − 60 p.

5. Volobuev V. R. Introduction to the energy of soil formation. − M. : Nauka, 1974. − 120 p.

6. Nikolsky Yu. N., Shabanov V. V. Calculation of projected yield depending on the water regime of reclaimed lands // Hydrotechnics and Melioration. − 1986. − № 9. − рр. 52−56.

7. Budyko M. I. Climate and life. − L. : Gidrometeoizdat, 1971. − 470 p.

8. Shashko D. I. To take into account the bioclimatic potential // Agriculture, 1985. − № 4. − рр. 19−26.

9. Strengthened norms of water demand for irrigation in the natural and climatic zones of the USSR. − M., 1984. − 346 p.

10. Ibatullin S. R, Kwan R. A, Paramonov A. I, Balgabayev N. N. Rationing irrigation in water management basins of Kazakhstan. – Taraz, 2008. − 122 p. 

 

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

HUMANITARIAN SCIENCE

 

УДК 37.013.75

 

N. V. PUDOVKINA, Ph. D. of pedagogic sciences, Associate professor

Federal state budgetary educational institution of «Samara state pedagogical University», Russian Federation, Samara

 

LETTER AND POSTCARD AS EPISTOLARY GENRES AND MEANS OF DEVELOPMENT OF SPEECH OF YOUNGER STUDENTS

Abstract. The article is devoted to study the influence of the epistolary genres, particularly the genres of letters and cards, the process of speech development of children of primary school age. The results of experimental work confirmed the feasibility and effectiveness of recourse to the epistolary genre letters and postcards as a means of development of speech of younger students.   

Key words: epistolary genre, a letter, a postcard, experiment, methodology, assessment results, level of development.

 

REFERENCES

1. Akishina A., Formanovskaya N. Etiket russkogo pis'ma. – M. : Russkiy yazyk, 1981. – 200 p.

2. Sternin I. A. Russkiy rechevoy etiket. – Voronezh , 1996. – 126 p.

3. Nemov R. S. Metody otsenki urovnya razvitiya rechi u mladshikh shkol'nikov. – M. : Gumanit. izd. tsentr VLADOS, 2001. – 640 p.

4. Fotekova T. A. Testovaya metodika ekspress-diagnostiki ustnoy rechi mladshikh shkol'nikov. – M. : ARKTI, 2000. – 56 p.

 

 

 

УДК 37.018.1

 

A. V. ORLOVA, Post-graduate student

M. A. RUSHINA, Ph. D. of Psychology, Associate Professor

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education «Russian University of friendship of peoples», Russian Federation, Moscow 

 

THE CONFIDENCE OF THE STUDENT AS THE INTEGRATING FACTOR OF FAMILY EDUCATION

Abstract. In the article the question of the relationship of confidence of the student with the style of family upbringing is considered. Such styles of parenting as a liberal, authoritarian, apathetic and democratic are considered. A brief description of styles and indicates some of the characteristics of children's behavior, and their dependence on family education is given. Confidence as a personality trait is an important argument in a person's life. If the child is already at a younger age has lack of confidence, in adult life he can come with big problems. As a result of empirical research conducted in the work were obtained the following results which have led to the conclusion that the least confident behavior of teenagers brought up in families with authoritarian parenting style. The children receiving education in families with a democratic style showed more optimistic results.

Key words: Keywords: confidence, personality, family education style, family, teenager, schoolboy.

 

REFERENCES

1. Varga A. Ya. Sistemnaya semeynaya psikhoterapiya: Kratkiy lektsionnyy kurs. – SPb. : Rech', 2001. – 143 p.

2. Miniyarov V. M. Psikhologiya semeynogo vospitaniya. – M. : Izd-vo MPSI, 2000. – 256 p.

3. Seliverstova M. A. Sravnitel'naya kharakteristika uverennosti starshikh shkol'nikov i studentov: avtoref. dis. kand. psikhol. nauk: 19.00.01 / Seliverstova M. A. – M. : RUDN, 2007. – 19 p.

4. Il'inykh Yu. V. Stil' roditel'skogo vospitaniya kak faktor formirovaniya smyslovoy sfery starshego podrostka. – M. , 2004. – 211 p.

5. Kovaleva N. I., Kolesnikova N. Vliyanie stilya vospitaniya na formirovanie samootsenki mladshikh shkol'nikov. – Slavyansk-na-Kubani, 2008. – рр. 49–53.

6. Stolin V. V. Samosoznanie lichnosti. – M. : Pedagogika, 2006. – 212 p.

7. Rushina M. A., Orlova A. V. Osobennosti samootsenki i samootnosheniya v yunosheskom vozraste // Vestnik Rossiyskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Seriya: Psikhologiya i pedagogika. – 2015. – № 4. – рр. 35–40.

8. Rushina M. A. Spetsifika motivatsionno-smyslovykh peremennykh uverennosti u podrostkov // Vysshaya shkola: opyt, problemy, perspektivy: materialy VIII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii: v 2-kh ch. / Moskva, RUDN, 15-17 aprelya 2015 g. / nauch. red. V. I. Kazarenkov. – M. : RUDN, 2015. – Ch. II. – рр. 575–582.

9. Rushina M., Kameneva G. Ethnic and Psychological Particularities of Patriotism in Students of the Cis Countries // Man In India, 2017. 97 (16): 213–223.

 

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

ABSTRACTS OF ARTICLES INDEXED IN AGRIS


 

Kh. A. GAPPOEV, Ph.D. of Economics, Associate professor

F. A. BULATSEVA, Ph.D. of Economics, Associate professor

S. E. MATETSKAYA, Senior lecturer


IMPROVEMENT OF ECONOMIC RELATIONS IN THE AGROINDUSTRIAL FORMATIONS 

Specialization in agriculture as a way of sustainable agricultural production is considered. The necessity of development of agricultural production in North Osetia−Alania on the basis of scientifically grounded specialization is shown. In agriculture there must be developed all forms of specialization: regional, economic, internal, and intra-industry. In recent years, most enterprises have become diversified with a low coefficient of specialization and supplying insufficient amount of products mainly to the regional market. Due to a significant reduction of inputs of agricultural raw materials production capacity of processing plants are used 15-20% on average. The composition and structure of commodity products by natural-economic zones of North Ossetia−Alania for the years 2012-2016 are presented and analyzed. In 2016 the largest share is made up by these types of products, such as grain, milk and dairy products. Cooperation and agroindustrial integration as the most important areas of the ongoing agrarian reform are considered. The advantages of vertical cooperation of rural producers in processing, marketing, procurement, credit, and insurance activities are noted. The development of integration processes in agriculture conditioned by the need the need to ensure technical, technological, managerial and economic unity and continuity of etopbrands, procurement, transportation, storage and processing of agricultural products. The existing directions of development of integration processes in agriculture: the formation of the linkages of agricultural producers with processing enterprises on a contractual basis; the functioning of agricultural associations with legal personality; the creation of financial-industrial groups; the Federal laws "About the agricultural cooperation" and "About the financial industrial groups" are allocated.

 

 

 

F. A. BULATSEVA, Ph.D. of Economics, Associate professor

E. V. BIDEEVA, Postgraduate student

S. E. MATETSKAYA, Senior lecturer 


EVALUATION OF THE EFFICIENCY OF PRODUCTION OF THE PROCESSING ENTERPRISES IN NORTH OSETIA–ALANIA

The estimation of the production efficiency of the processing enterprises in North Osetia– Alania is given. Analysis of the state of agriculture of North Ossetia–Alania under the conditions of transition to market and a mixed economy revealed that a sharp decline in agricultural production largely occurred as a result of the breach and rupture of inter-farm linkages at the regional, sectoral and industrial level activities of economic entities. The need for qualitatively new approaches to development cooperation and integration in agriculture, effective state regulation of these processes was revealed. The factors hindering the development of agro-industrial cooperation and integration are mentioned: processing plants lose their commodity areas and are not able to fully load the production capacities; construction of small processing plants within agricultural enterprises are often economically justified diverts a significant capital investment from operating activities and the lack of depth of processing leads to losses of raw material; low labor productivity; lack of technical equipment. The indicators of the processing industry of North Osetia–Alania are considered. For most types of products in 2015-2016 there is a decrease in production (of livestock products, the production of wine). At the same time in 2016 there is a sharp increase in the volume of soft drinks production – by 40.5%, confectionery products – 14.8%, in comparison with 2012. In North Osetia–Alania there was revealed the neseccity of the proved placement of agricultural production, formation of production types of farms that will become the basis of social division of labor, increasing concentration of production will lead to intensification and industrialization of agricultural production, transfer of production of certain agricultural products on an industrial basis, will ensure the widespread use of various forms of cooperatives and agroindustrial integration. 

 

 

 

N. A. KOPTEVA, Doctor of Engineering, Professor

N. M. UDINTSOVA, Ph. D. in Engineering, Associate professor


IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DIGITAL ECONOMY IN THE PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

Any technological process is described in the form of algorithmic models, the performance criterion which reflects the relationship of all the factors affecting the objective function. Several examples of implementation of this approach are considered. 1. Minimization of operating costs in the transportation of agricultural goods. Developed algorithmic model allows each load to pick up such a vehicle, in which operating costs for transportation will be the smallest. 2. Optimization of the kinematics of the agricultural aggregates in the cultivation of the soil in specific conditions. Algorithmic model reflects the process of implementation of tillage (plowing, shallow plowing, cultivation, etc.) the different units taking into account soil type, field size, slope, method of movement on the field, the width of the machine, etc. 3. Formalization of the process of erode soil system positions. In order to assess the erosion situation in a specific period it is needed to compare the record with critical values of the agrisystem. 4. Algorithmic model for calculating emissions when applying paint coatings. The calculation of the emissions is carried out separately for each brand used paints and solvents. 5. Mathematical model for transportation of grain to load into railroad cars using hoppers, loading and unloading mechanisms (LUM). To take into account the specific situation of the functioning of the loader the model defines the movement of vehicles from the warehouse of storage of grain to the hoppers. 6. Mathematical model of the influence of the class of soils and agricultural conditions for the implementation of the traction power of the tractor. The implementation model of the traction power of the tractor allows you to determine the change of the traction power of the tractor quickly, depending on soil type and soil fertility of the cultivated fields. 

 

 

 

L. S. KACHANOVA, Ph. D. in Engineering, Associate professor


THE TRANSFER OF RESOURCE-SAVING TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES OF USAGE OF ORGANIC FERTILIZERS IN THE SYSTEM OF RESOURCE-COMMODITY MODELS 

The purpose of this study is to develop theoretical and methodological provisions and practical recommendations for increase of efficiency of management of technological processes of production and use of organic fertilizers (OF) on the basis of wastes of cattle breeding and crop production, operating on the principles of resource conservation. The system of the conceptual apparatus of the organizational-economic bases of management of technological processes of the agricultural sector is corrected. The conceptual scheme of the implementation of the transfer of resource-saving technological processes (RTP) in the system resource and commodity models with the identification of four levels of administration in the territorial-zonal principle is elaborated. For each level the result of optimizing models, economic effect and specify the documents that reflect the effectiveness of the transfer of RTP is defined. The optimal result of each previous level of control is a source of information for the implementation of the subsequent level which ensures the transfer of resource-saving technologies and processes in the hierarchy. Actual data of the effectiveness of OF and predictive indicators are calculated on the basis of the transfer of RTP in the system resource-grocery models is presented. The system of resource and product models allows forming the strategy of placing the points of recycling of organic waste, optimizing transportation costs at different levels of the hierarchy of the system, forming a complex of measures to improve the level of organophosphonate agricultural land, thereby increasing the profitability of crop production. Designed and recommended for application by the transfer of RTP production and use of the shelter in complex resource-grocery models lets to improving the economic efficiency of the agricultural sectors at different levels of its implementation. 

 

 

 

T. М. KHALINA, Doctor of Engineering, Professor

M. I. STAL’NAYA, Ph. D. of Engineering, Professor

A. V. VEDMANKIN, Senior lecturer


INFORMATION-ENTROPY METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE HOMOGENEITY OF ELECTRIC HEATERS USED IN AGRICULTURE

Low-temperature surface-distributed electric heating is currently considered to be the most effective type of electrical heating. It provides the concentration of thermal energy in a given volume, the uniformity of temperature distribution and the possibility of its control and regulation, and it is increasingly used in agricultural production. According to the data of the Ministry of Agriculture and Foodstuffs of the Russian Federation on the 1 st of October, 2010 there were 154.6 million different installations and local heating devices in exploitation in Russia's livestock farms. Proportion of costs for heating grain and bulk solids in the processing industry is invariably great. In this regard an important reserve for improving the efficiency of production is the development and introduction of progressive systems of an electrical heating that provide the required performance property for the rational use of energy and material resources. The system, which main function is the conversion of electrical energy into thermal energy and, at the same time, providing a set-point temperature (300 – 400 K) on the surface, is called composite heaters. At present, the overwhelming majority of electric heaters contains a resistive composite layer in which electrodes are located between the insulating layers. The electrical conductivity is estimated by the specific resistance, the specific resistance of the composite material is significantly affected by its homogeneity. It makes the proof of the homogeneity of this material a topical issue. In the article an information-entropic method for determining the homogeneity of the composite material is developed, it is based on the probability theory and the concept of entropy. A comparative analysis of the developed method with existing techniques for determining the homogeneity of the distribution of technical carbon in the butyl rubber matrix is given in the article.  

 

 

 

S. A. ANDREEV, Ph. D. of Engineering, Associate professor

R. Hk. YUSUPOV, Doctor of Engineering, Professor


ROBOTIC SYSTEMS MULTIBAND SORTING OF AGHICULTURAL PRODUCTS

The work purpose is creation of a robotic sorting system that minimizes the amount of manual labor and damaging the fruit. The material of the studies consisted of nodes of modern sorting machines. During the study there were used the methods for the synthesis of electro-mechanical circuits. The difficulty of automating the sorting of agricultural products depends on the need of multiband principle and high risks of damage to products during mechanical influence actuators. To improve the performance of multi-band sorting while reducing the damage to products proposed the robotic system based on the optoelectronic principle of quality control was elaborated. During the system work the analyzed flow unit (piece) products is directed from the hopper feeding conveyor in the inspection zone where it is exposed to irradiation from ambient light. Sensing the reflected light beam a recognizing device sequentially analyzes the moving unit products in accordance with a specified algorithm. The recognizing the device comprises threshold elements, the logical inverters, logic circuits, coincidence, registrars of items in the group, actuators, measuring instrument and extreme converter. Each actuator contains two electromagnets with movable cores, two hollow U-shaped frame and bushings installed on the axis. Single-piece flow single objects with intervals between them not less the length of the U-shaped frame ensures a guaranteed separation into fractions. The final result of sorting is a perfect flow sorted single products, fully suitable to the task of sorting. The robotic system enhances the efficiency of separation on 10-20%, in 1,5–2 times reduces the damaging products and simplifies the layout of manufacturing equipment.

 

 

 

V. N. PRYAKHIN, Doctor of Engineering, Professor

N. A. MOCHUNOVA, Ph. D. in Engineering, Associate professor

A. O. KALININ, postgraduate


TECHNOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS AND THEIR CONSEQUENCES IN THE OPERATION OF AUTOMATED SYSTEMS OF AGRIBUSINESS 

A growth in the number of accidents and emergency situations (es) occurring at industrial and agricultural objects, increasing their destructive power is announced. In the context of national and food security of the Russian Federation, the important issues of technogenic and environmental safety, protection of population from emergency situations, accidents and catastrophes are becoming increasingly. For the study of complex systems of the agroindustrial complex (AIC) and industrial production it is necessary to build different models and the development of automated devices and systems. During building of the model processes occurring in complex systems at the facilities of agriculture, in the description of their structure, for evaluation the effectiveness and optimization of these systems there is used a different mathematical scheme. The modern methods of preparation tasks allows to build so-called universal simulation model that is able to tune into any object of this class. All the economic facilities and systems located on the territory of a certain region of the Russian Federation are potentially subjects of industrial accidents and disasters or exposure to hazardous factors of a natural character. Factors considered technological hazards that occur in enterprises of industrial and agricultural production and the factors of technogenic danger inherent in accidents and disasters are considered. The analysis and risk assessment in various conditions of system functioning is conducted. The differentiation of spheres of application of risk analysis is presented. The key options and elements of risk assessment are named. It is pointed on the lack of sufficient techniques for the evaluation of many types of environmental and technological risk. However the main attention is paid to assessing the risk of deterioration of human health for reasons of a risk. The ratio of the risk value as to the source of danger is defined. An acceptable level of occupational risk of death for the modern man in industrialized countries is in the range (1..5)х10-4.

 

 

 

Zh. S. MUSTAFAEV, Doctor of Technical Sciences

A. T. KOZYKEEVA, Doctor of Technical Sciences

L. V. KIREYCHEVA, Doctor of Technical Sciences

N. A. TURSYNBAYEV, doctoral student PhD


METHODOLOGICAL SUBSTANTIATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES OF NATURAL SYSTEM AND ANTHROPOGENIC ACTIVITY OF HYDROAGROLANDSHAFT SYSTEMS

The theoretical framework of the study is based on the law of conservation of energy and matter. The main method of research is the analysis of water and heat balance and nutritional balance of plant and soil landscape systems with the aim of establishing quantitative relations between separate elements to form the productivity of agricultural land and soil-forming process. Based on data analysis it is concluded the following: energy resources of natural zones of Kazakhstan and its soil covers in the presence of environmental services water resources allow the construction of highly productive, environmental and economic sustainable regulated and managed hydro-agri-landscape systems to ensure food security of the country. The estimation of natural and energy resources natural systems of the watershed of the basin of the Talas river in the context of schematic geomorphological landscape systems is given. It is analyzed that theenvironmental services water resources for the optimum functioning of vegetation and soil cover of the landscape of drainage basins of transboundary Talas river. It is stated that in mountainous landscapes class environmental services from water resources which are conducted using human activities that do not provide a sharp increase in the productivity of plant and soil landscape systems of the catchment basin of the transboundary Talas river. The quantitative values of the coefficient characterizing the costs of water providing 1000 kcal energy value of agricultural crops in the condition of the basin of the transboundary Talas river are defined. The conclusion about the possibility of creating on the basis of "export-import" environmental services of water resources at the international level, on the basis of agricultural societies with equity participation hydro-agri-landscape highly efficient systems, providing requirements for food security of the population living in the region is made.

 

 

________________________________________________________________________________________