THE INTERNATIONAL
SCIENTIFIC
JOURNAL

ECONOMIC SCIENCES

Stovba E. V.

Birsky Branch of Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Bashkir State University"

DESIGN OF STRATEGY OF DEVELOPMENT OF AGROFOOD SECTOR OF RURAL TERRITORIES ON THE BASIS OF SCENARIO APPROACH

The algorithm of design of strategy of development of agro-food sector of rural territories is offered. Results of scenario forecasting of development of agro-food sector of rural territories of the Northern forest-steppe zone of the Republic of Bashkortostan are displayed. The presented expected scenarios of development allow to form possible options of rational providing the population with agro-food production according to evidence-based norms of food.

Key words: strategy, scenario approach, scenarios of development, agro-food sector, agro-food production, rural territories.

REFERENCES

1. Gusmanov U. G. Agropromyshlennyy kompleks regiona (sostoyanie, problemy i resheniya). — M. : Rossel'khozakademiya, 2006. — T. 1. — 564 p.

2. Gusmanov U. G. Agropromyshlennyy kompleks regiona (sostoyanie, problemy i resheniya). — M. : Rossel'khozakademiya, 2009. — T. 2. — 448 p.

3. Gusmanov R. U., Subkhangulov R. R. Obosnovanie stsenariev razvitiya zhivotnovodstva v sel'skokhozyaystvennykh predpriyatiyakh. — Ufa : Gilem, 2009. — 142 p.

4. Stovba E. V. Zarubezhnyy opyt v razvitii teorii i praktiki modelirovaniya sel'skikh territoriy // Mezhdunarodnyy nauchnyy zhurnal. — 2011. — № 5. — pp. 57–61.

5. Stovba E. V. Problemy ustoychivogo razvitiya sel'skikh territoriy Respubliki Bashkortostan // Mezhdunarodnyy nauchnyy zhurnal. — 2014. — № 4. — pp. 54–60.

6. Gusmanov U. G., Askarov A. A., Stovba E. V. Optimizatsiya struktury sel'skokhozyaystvennogo proizvodstva rayona. — Ufa : Gilem, 2004. — 79 p.

7. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 30.01.2010 goda № 120 «Ob utverzhdenii Doktriny prodovol'stvennoy bezopasnosti Rossiyskoy Federatsii». — Access mode: base.garant.ru/12172719.

Romanenko Yu. D., Chutcheva Yu. V.

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agricultural University — Agricultural Academy of K. A. Timiryazev"

DETERMINANTS OF STATE REGULATION OF THE AGRARIAN SPHERE OF ECONOMY

REFERENCES

1. Ivanova S. V. Evolyutsiya regulirovaniya agrarnogo rynka v stranakh ES // Gosudarstvennoe regulirovanie sel'skogo khozyaystva: kontseptsii, mekhanizmy, effektivnost'. — M. : VIAPI im. A. A. Nikonova, «Entsiklopediya Rossiyskikh dereven'», 2005. — pp. 529–531.

2. Kapkanshchikov S. G. Gosudarstvennoe regulirovanie ekonomiki. — M. : KNORUS, 2006. — 352 p.

3. Seregina S. F. Rol' gosudarstva v ekonomike: Sinergeticheskiy podkhod. — M. : Delo i servis, 2002. — 288 p.

4. Oreshin V. P. Gosudarstvennoe regulirovanie natsional'noy ekonomiki. — M. : INFRA-M, 2001. — 124 p.

 5. Paramonov P. F. Organizatsionno-ekonomicheskie problemy adaptatsii sel'skokhozyaystvennykh tovaroproizvoditeley k rynochnym usloviyam. — Krasnodar : KubGAU, 2002. — 548 p.

6. Petrikov A. V. Spetsifika sel'skogo khozyaystva i sovremennaya agrarnaya reforma v Rossii. — M. : Entsiklopediya rossiyskikh dereven', 1995. — 146 p.

7. Chutcheva Yu. V., Seidov M. M., Togoev O. Sh. Investitsionnye protsessy v agropromyshlennom komplekse // Mezhdunarodnyy tekhniko-ekonomicheskiy zhurnal. — 2012. — № 5. — pp. 5–8.

Eyvazov E. A.

Nakhichevan State University Azerbaijan Republic

MECHANISM OF THE STATE SUPPORT OF SMALL AND AVERAGE BUSINESS IN THE NAKHCHYVANSKY AUTONOMOUS REPUBLIC

The current state of small and average business is analyzed. The state support and reforms which are carried out in economic area created conditions for restoration of mechanisms of market economy, attraction of investments and delivery of the credits, and also for introduction of modern technologies and methods of management. As a result of it the competitive enterprises were created and material well-being of the population is improved.

Key words: business, state support, financial aid, state program, dynamic development.

REFERENCES

1. Predprinimatel'stvo: Uchebnik dlya vuzov / pod red. prof. V. Ya. Gorfinnelya, prof. G. B. Polyanka, prof. V. A. Shvandra. — M. : YuNITI, 2000. — 475 p.

2. Buev V. Nekotorye aspekty podderzhki malogo predprinimatel'stva v Moskve // Predprinimatel'stvo v Rossii. — M. : ISAP, 2007.

3. Gosudarstvennaya programma razvitiya malogo i srednego predprinimatel'stva v Azerbaydzhane (2002–2005 gody) [Utverzhdena Ukazom Prezidenta Azerbaydzhanskoy Respubliki № 753 ot 17 avgusta 2002 g.]. — Baku, 2002.

4. Gosudarstvennaya podderzhka predprinimatel"stva v rynochnykh usloviyakh. — Baku, 2004.

5. Akhmedov N. G. Razvitie malogo i srednego predprinimatel"stva kak faktor formirovaniya potrebitel"skogo rynka v Azerbaydzhane // AGPU, Izvestiya. — 2006. — № 1. — pp. 303–307.

Nemova V. I.

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Moscow State University named after M. V. Lomonosov"

ROLE OF THE WOODS IN ACHIEVEMENT OF THE OBJECTIVES OF THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

The analysis of the purposes of a sustainable development in comparison with the purposes of development of the millennium and as far as found reflection of a role of the woods in formulations of these purposes is provided. 17 purposes in area of a sustainable development (TsUR) accepted in September, 2015 on the United Nations General Assembly have complex and indivisible character and provide balance of all three components of a sustainable development: economic, social and ecological. These purposes will use member countries of the UN in the next 15 years for development of national programs of development and the politician. The program of development post-2015 is not only the program for fight against poverty, but also the solution of tasks of steady and rational management of forest resources as important part of an ecosystem. The woods play an important economic, social and cultural role, provide stability and "health" of ecosystems; they are important for increase of production potential of economies. The role of the woods in it is unconditional if the right objects are set. Among 17 purposes in the formulation of the 15th purpose the rational order is mentioned by the woods. TsUR will help to create the favorable environment for equal and steady management of the woods in the world. The woods on our planet conceal huge potential from the point of view of creation of "green" economy. It is important as well that moment that other sixteen purposes didn't create barriers to realization of steady management of the woods in the world. The purposes of a sustainable development need the wood, and the wood needs the purposes of a sustainable development.

Key words: sustainable development, purposes of a sustainable development, purpose of development of the millennium, wood, function of the woods.

REFERENCES

1. Rezolyutsiya, prinyataya General'noy Assambleey 27 iyulya 2012 goda 66/288. Budushchee, kotorogo my khotim. OON, 2012. — Access mode: http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/66/288&Lang=R.

2. Proekt rezolyutsii, predstavlennyy Predsedatelem General'noy Assamblei. Proekt itogovogo dokumenta sammita Organizatsii Ob"edinennykh Natsiy po prinyatiyu povestki dnya v oblasti razvitiya na period posle 2015 goda / OON, 2015. — Access mode: http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/69/L.85&Lang=R.

3. Ford, Liz Sustainable development goals: all you need to know // The Guardian. 3 sentyabrya 2015 goda. — Access mode: http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2015/jan/19/sustainable-development-goals-united-nations.

4. Sachs, Jeffrey The age of sustainable development // Columbia University Press. — 2015. — pp. 481–505.

5. Tollefson, Jeff and Gilbert, Natasha Earth summit: Rio report card. The world has failed to deliver on many of the promises it made 20 years ago at the Earth summit in Brazil // Nature Magazine. — 06 June 2012. — Access mode: http://www.nature.com/news/earth-summit-rio-report-card-1.10764.

6. Fraser, Barbara Sustainable Development Goals and forestry: Lessons from Peru // Forest News. — 20 March 2015. — Access mode: http://blog.cifor.org/27332/sustainable-development-goals-and-forestry-lessons-from-peru?fnl=en.

7. Tseli razvitiya tysyacheletiya: doklad za 2015 god / Organizatsiya Ob"edinennykh Natsiy // N'yu-York, 2015 god. — Access mode: http://www.un.org/ru/millenniumgoals/mdgreport2015.pdf.

8. Sostoyanie lesov mira. Priumnozhenie sotsial'no-ekonomicheskikh vygod, obespechivaemykh lesam / Prodovol'stvennaya i Sel'skokhozyaystvennaya Organizatsiya Ob"edinennykh Natsiy. — Rim, — 2014.

9. Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015. How are the world’s forests changing? / Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. — Rome, 2015.

10. Durban Declaration 2050 vision for forests and forestry. — Access mode: www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/wfc2015/Documents/Durban_Declaration_draft.pdf.

Dmitriev S. P., Zhirnov A. V.

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agricultural University — Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev"

FEATURES OF CREDITING OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCERS IN MODERN CONDITIONS

Questions of available financing and crediting of agricultural producers, versions of possible scenarios of development of economy in the conditions of uncertainty and sanctions are considered. Consolidation of producers for creation of funds of self-financing.

Key words: crediting, agricultural producers, financing, self-financing, sanctions, consolidation.

REFERENCES

1. Borodulya E. B., Zhirnov A. V. Problema otsenki effektivnosti ekonomicheskoy deyatel'nosti predpriyatiya // Mezhdunarodnyy tekhniko-ekonomicheskiy zhurnal. — 2014. — № 2. — pp. 43–49.

2. Zhirnov A. V., Ivakhnenko D. N. Teoreticheskie podkhody k strategicheskomu planirovaniyu deyatel'nosti organizatsiy v rynochnykh usloviyakh // Ekonomika i sotsium. — 2015. — № 1-3 (14). — pp. 119–121.

3. Sobchenko N. V., Skrebtsova T. V. Analiz dinamiki kreditnykh operatsiy i prosrochennoy kreditnoy zadolzhennosti vedushchikh rossiyskikh bankov // Ekonomika. Biznes. Banki. — 2015. — № 2(11). —pp. 59–64.

4. Zhirnov A. V., Lapshin Yu. A., Lapshina G. V. K voprosu o prodovol'stvennoy bezopasnosti v usloviyakh sanktsiy // Mezhdunarodnyy nauchnyy zhurnal. — 2015. — № 1. — pp. 7–10.

5. Zhirnov A. V., Turmanidze Kh. R. Osobennosti strategicheskogo planirovaniya v krupnykh rossiyskikh kompaniyakh s gosudarstvennym uchastiem // Ekonomika i sotsium. — 2015. — № 1-3 (14). — pp. 104–107.

6. Zaruk N. F., Tagirova O. A. Rol' finansovo-kreditnogo mekhanizma v usloviyakh importozameshcheniya // Niva Povolzh'ya. — 2015. — № 1 (34). — pp. 105–113.

7. Kudrin A. L., Gurvich E. T. Novaya model' rosta dlya Rossiyskoy ekonomiki // Voprosy ekonomiki. — 2014. — № 12. — pp. 3–36.

Sorokin V. S., Kolosov D. V.

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution Of The Higher Education "Russian State Agricultural University — Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev"

THE MAIN TENDENCIES OF DEVELOPMENT AND RESULTS OF STIMULATION OF INVESTMENT ACTIVITY IN DAIRY CATTLE BREEDING OF OMSK AREA

On the basis of results of researches the conclusion that now there was a big need for the state support of development of dairy cattle breeding is drawn, carrying out construction, reconstruction and modernization of livestock complexes is expedient.

Key words: dairy cattle breeding, investment activity, state support of agrarian sector of economy, construction, reconstruction and modernization of livestock complexes.

REFERENCES

1. Shelkovnikov S. A. Sistema gosudarstvennoy podderzhki sel'skokhozyaystvennogo proizvodstva regiona. — Novosibirsk : Prometey, 2010. — 312 p.

2. Yudina E. V. Napravleniya razvitiya molochnogo skotovodstva // Realizatsiya Gosudarstvennoy programmy razvitiya sel'skogo khozyaystva i regulirovanie rynkov sel'skokhozyaystvennoy produktsii, syr'ya i prodovol'stviya: innovatsii, problemy, perspektivy: materialy mezhdunar. nauch.-tekhnich. foruma, OmGAU, 26-27 fevralya 2009 g.: v 2-kh ch. — Omsk : Izd-vo OmGAU, 2009. — Ch. 1. — pp. 193–195.

Sergeeva N. V.

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agricultural University — Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev"

DIVERSIFICATION ROLE IN THE COURSE OF IMPORT SUBSTITUTION

The import substitution problem in national economy, the theory of development of economy in modern conditions, questions of a role and value of diversification processes is considered. Methods, prerequisites, motives of carrying out diversification, types of diversification opportunities for the purpose of increase of economic efficiency of functioning of the companies are analyzed. Actions for development of the plan of diversification are offered.

Key words: import substitution, diversification, economic strategy, vertical integration, efficiency, diversification opportunities.

REFERENCES

1. Burko R. A. Rol' importozameshcheniya v ekonomike Rossii // Molodoy uchenyy. — 2013. — №11. — pp. 301–303.

2. Informatsionno-pravovoy portal GARANT.RU.

3. Sergeeva N. V. K voprosu povysheniya effektivnosti molochnogo zhivotnovodstva // Mezhdunarodnyy tekhniko-ekonomicheskiy zhurnal — 2015. — №5. — pp. 49–55.

4. Zhirnov A. V., Lapshin Yu. A., Lapshina G. V. Ekonomicheskie sanktsii i prodovol'stvennaya bezopasnost' // Agrarnaya nauka i obrazovanie na sovremennom etape razvitiya: opyt, problemy i puti ikh resheniya: Materialy VI Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. — 2015. — pp. 147–149.

Kovaleva E. V.

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agricultural University — Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev"

DEPRECIATION CHARGES AS WAY OF THE ACCOUNTING OF LOSS OF QUALITY AND DEPRECIATION

Various approaches to definition of influence of depreciation policy on financial results of work of the organizations are stated, and also the depreciation role in economy is defined. Depreciation functions as economic category are opened. Conceptual positions of scientific maintenance of the developed problems of improvement of the economic relations of partners on the basis of mutual interest, an assessment of the changing quality of cars during service life are considered. The technique of an assessment of quality of new equipment on the basis of calculation of the compensating expenses and the leveling charges, regularities of their change when using growing old technicians is offered. The leveling charges are distribution of depreciation charges for the purpose of alignment of the compensating expenses to the level providing mutual interest of partners of the market. It is shown that in process of wear increase the compensating expenses increase, reflecting the changing quality of the car.

Key words: the agricultural machinery, depreciation, a technique of an assessment of quality compensating the expenses leveling charges.

REFERENCES

1. Itogi edinovremennogo obsledovaniya s.-kh. tekhniki po srokam sluzhby v kolkhozakh, sovkhozakh i mezhkhozyaystvennykh s.-kh. predpriyatiyakh v 1982 godu. — M. : TsSU SSSR 1983. — 204 p.

2. Chutcheva Yu. V. Upravlenie protsessom vosproizvodstva sredstv proizvodstva v APK: monografiya. — M. : Izdatel'skiy tsentr FGOU VPO MGAU, 2011. — 120 p.

3. Kovaleva E. V. Kontseptual'nye podkhody k otsenke kachestva tovarov // Vestnik FGOU VPO MGAU. — 2007. — Vyp. № 5 (25). — pp. 27–29.

4. Konkin Yu. A., Kovaleva E. V., Trishkina L. V. Ob adekvatnosti natural'noy i stoimostnoy otsenok sredstv proizvodstva // Vestnik FGOU VPO MGAU. — 2009 — Vyp. № 8 (39). — pp. 19–23.

5. Konkin Yu. A., Kovaleva E. V. Metodologicheskie i metodicheskie podkhody sovershenstvovaniya ekonomicheskoy otsenki kachestva tekhniki // Tekhnika i oborudovanie dlya sela. — 2015. — № 8. — pp. 45–48.

Rodyushkina E. V., Rodyushkin D. V.

Non-State Non-Commercial Educational Institution of Higher Education "Humanitarian Institute"

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Moscow State University of Means of Communication"

MODERN TECHNOLOGIES OF ADOPTION OF ADMINISTRATIVE DECISIONS

In the article, the main models of adoption of administrative decisions are being highlighted, and also problems of their intellectualization in Russia are being considered. The cyclic sequence of actions for the purpose of optimization of process of a choice of the made decision is adapted for the Russian environment of conducting business activity and the assessment of system effectiveness of management depending on model of acceptance and implementation of decisions by the highest administrative personnel of the company is carried out.

Key words: management, management of the organization, administrative decision, intellectualization of administrative work.

REFERNCES

1. Grazhdanskiy kodeks Rossiyskoy Federatsii. Chasti 1,2,3 i 4. — M. : Eksmo, 2013.

2. Karpov A. V. Psikhologiya menedzhmenta. — M. : Gardariki, 2010. — 584 p.

3. Meskon M., Al'bert M., Khedouri F. Osnovy menedzhmenta. — M. : Vil'yams, 2009. — 672 p.

4. Mintsberg G. Struktura v kulake: sozdanie effektivnoy organizatsii. — SPb. : Piter, 2004. — 512 p.

5. Daft R. Menedzhment. — SPb. : Piter, 2007. — 864 p.

6. Mishin V. M. Issledovanie sistem upravleniya. — M. : YuNITI-DANA, 2012. — 527 p.

7. Vikhanskiy O. S., Naumov A. I. Menedzhment — M. : Infra-M, 2014. — 576 p.

8. Adizes I. K. Upravlenie zhiznennym tsiklom korporatsii. — M. : Ivanov, Mann i Ferber, 2014. — 512 p.

TECHNICAL SCIENCES

Butorin V. A., Golubtsova I. V.

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Southern Ural State Agricultural University"

THE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE IDLING OF THE SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR ON THE BASIS OF THE ASYNCHRONOUS MACHINE WITH THE PHASE ROTOR

The characteristic of idling of the synchronous generator on the basis of the asynchronous machine with a phase rotor is the dependence of EMF of the stator on excitement current at the opened external chain, i.e. at the loading current equal to zero. In work expression of EMF for the range of its change close to rated voltage, from excitement current is being offered. The received empirical dependence will allow to receive in the settlement way with use of the IBM external, adjusting and load characteristics of synchronous generators. Thus the external characteristic is the dependence of tension on an anchor winding at change of current of loading (anchor current), at a direct current of excitement and power factor. The adjusting characteristic represents the dependence of current of excitement on loading current at nominal rates of tension on clips of the generator, frequency of rotation and power factor. The load characteristic call dependence of tension of the generator on excitement current at a direct current of loading (anchor current), purity of rotation and power factor. At research of the characteristic of single current the asynchronous machine with a phase rotor like AK 51-4 was used. The supply of a rotor winding of this machine was carried out by a direct current on two of its phases. The experimental data for the creation of the characteristic of idling were fixed in natural units of measure, their approximation for values of the EMF close to nominal size, allowed to establish empirical dependence of members of this characteristic in relative units of measure.

Key words: asynchronous engine, synchronous generator, characteristic of idling of the generator, external, adjusting and load characteristics of the generator, the electromotive force.

REFERENCES

1. Butorin V. A., Emets V. F., Golubtsova I. V. Elektrodvigatel' obkatochnogo stenda kak rezervnyy istochnik elektropitaniya // Mekhanizatsiya i elektrifikatsiya sel'skogo khozyaystva. — 2009. — № 10. — p. 23.

2. Butorin V. A., Emets V. F., Golubtsova I. V. Ispol'zovanie trekhfaznykh asinkhronnykh dvigateley s faznym rotorom v istochnikakh rezervnogo elektropitaniya / Agroөnerkәsip kesheninin industrialdy-innovatsiyalyk damuy: kazirgi zhagdaydy zhәne keleshegi : kazak ylttyk agrarlyk universitetinin 80 zhyldygyna arnalgan Khalykaralyk gylymi — praktikalyk konferentsiya materialdary / Kazak Үltyk agrarlyk ueiversiteti. — Almaty: KazUAU, 2010. — 3 - bөlim. — pp. 15–16.

3. Ivanov-Smolenskiy A. V. Elektricheskie mashiny: Uchebnik dlya vuzov. — M. : Energiya, 1980. — 928 p.

4. Tokarev B. F. Elektricheskie mashiny: Uchebnik dlya tekhnikumov. — M. : Energoatomizdat, 1989. — 672 p. 5. Aleksandrov N. I. Elektricheskie mashiny i mikromashiny. — M. : Kolos, 1983. — 384 p.

Luneva V. V., Sharin E. A., Privalenko A. N., Pulyaev N. N.

Federal Autonomous Institution of "25 State Research And Development Institutes of Hematology of Ministry Of Defense Of The Russian Federation"

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agricultural University — Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev"

EXPRESS METHOD OF DEFINITION OF THE CONTENT OF BIODIESEL FUEL IN MIX WITH OIL FUEL

Methods definitions of methyl air of fatty acids − by FAME) in oil fuels are given. For definition of the maintenance of FAME in diesel fuels on an indicator of the specific electric conductivity (SEC) the schedule of dependence of UEP on the volume maintenance of FAME in diesel fuel is constructed.

Key words: biofuel, methyl air of fatty acids, express method, specific electric conductivity.

REFERENCES

1. Pankin K. E., Ivanov Yu. V., Kuz'mina R. I., Shtykov S. N. Sravnenie zhidkikh biotopliv s neftyanymi toplivami po ekspluatatsionnym kharakteristikam // Khimiya i tekhnologiya topliv i masel. — 2011. — № 2 — pp. 23−25.

2. Smyslov A. A., Kozlov A. V., Stepanov V. A. Sostoyanie neftedobyvayushchey otrasli Rossii v sovremennyy period globalizatsii toplivno-energeticheskogo kompleksa noosfery // Sbornik materialov 7-go mezhdunarodnogo foruma «Toplivno-energeticheskiy kompleks Rossii». — SPb. , 2007. — 506 p.

3. Production of Biodiesels from Multiple Feedstocks and Properties of Biodiesels and Biodiesel/Diesel Blends. Final ReportReport 1 in a series of 6. — J.A. Kinast, Gas Technology Institute Des Plaines, Illinois. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.osti.gov/bridge.

4. Robert Hodam BIODIESEL, Technical Report, September 3, 2008, UST Leak Prevention Unit, State Water Resources Control Board. — Rezhim dostupa: http://waterboards.ca.gov.

5. Usikov S. V. Elektrometriya zhidkostey. — L. : Khimiya, 1974. — 144 p.

HUMAN SCIENCES

Maksimova T. E.

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Moscow State Institute Of Culture"

THE VIRTUAL MUSEUMS AS INNOVATIVE EDUCATIONAL MEANS IN THE SPHERE OF AGROTOURISM

Possibilities of application of the virtual museums of an agricultural and naturalists' profile in remote education in the sphere of tourism are being analyzed. The key parameters of the virtual museums which are required at their use for agro-tourism development are being presented. The recommendations submitted on the elaboration of productive strategy of a websites development are being provided.

Key words: virtual museum, agro-tourism, eco-tourism, gastronomic tourism, internal tourism, remote education, educational means, economic efficiency.

REFERENCES

1. O proekte. Natsional'naya platforma otkrytogo obrazovaniya [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://npoed.ru/about.

2. The resolution of the government of the Russian Federation of 02.08.2011 No. 644 "About the federal target program "Development of Internal and Entrance Tourism in the Russian Federation (2011 2018)" — Collection of the legislation of the Russian Federation. — 2011. — No. 34. — Art. 4966.

3. Voronezhskiy gosudarstvennyy prirodnyy biosfernyy zapovednik imeni V.M.Peskova [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://zapovednik-vrn.ru/gallery/virtualnyj-tur/.

4. V Voronezhskom zapovednike otkroetsya interaktivnyy muzey «Dom bobra» [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://krasnews.com/world/52310/.

5. Opasnye igry [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://dangerousgames.ru/.

6. Muzey lesa [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://klh.mosreg.ru/meropriyatia/istoriya-lesnogo-khozyaystva/.

7. Kulikov V. Sovetskoe navynos [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://www.rg.ru/2012/01/17/zakon.html.

8. Virtual Museums Transnational Network [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: www.v-must.net/sites/default/files/V-Must_introduction_0.pdf.

9. Muzey sel'skogo khozyaystva Rossii [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://www.xn--80agghlpnp3a.xn--p1ai/.

10. Vstupitel'noe slovo Dmitriya Medvedeva [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://government.ru/news/19631/.

11. Putin i Berluskoni v subbotu posetyat v Krymu muzei [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://ria.ru/culture/20150911/1244850348.html.

12. Virtual'naya kollektsiya etiketok ot plavlenogo syra [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://fromology.narod.ru/.

13. Virtual'nye ekskursii [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://www.tptt.ru/index.php/on-line-servisy/217-virtualnye-ekskursii.

14. Smotret' paromy onlayn – paromnaya pereprava Krym‑Kavkaz [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: world-cam.ru/news/watch-the-ferries-online-ferry-crossing-crimea-caucasus/.

Maksimova T. E.

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Moscow State Institute of Culture"

VIRTUAL MUSEUMS: RESEARCH METHODS

The article is devoted to modern methods of research of culture – to the research Internet methods which are widely applied in all areas of science and practice including for researches in the sphere of culture. Internet methods of research are universal and possess the high practical importance. They are economically expedient and have great social value. Internet methods of research are distinguished by efficiency and informative efficiency, but they demand from the modern expert of competent use.

Key words: methods of research of culture, research Internet methods, virtual museums.

REFERENCES

1. Vstrecha V. V. Putina s prepodavatelyami i studentami Dal'nevostochnogo federal'nogo universiteta 1 sentyabrya 2013 goda: Stenogramma [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://www.kremlin.ru/transcripts/19117.

2. Medvedev D. A. Novaya real'nost': Rossiya i global'nye vyzovy. [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://www.rg.ru/2015/09/23/statiya-site.html.

3. Journal of Medical Internet Research [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://www.jmir.org/.

4. Manning K. Vvedenie v informatsionnyy poisk. — M. : Vil'yams, 2011. — 528 p.

5. Chris Mann, Fiona Stewart Internet Communication and Qualitative Research: A Handbook for Researching Online. — London : Sage Pablishers, 2005. — 258 p.

6. Maksimova T. E. Virtual'nye muzei, kak sotsiokul'turnyy fenomen: tipologiya i funktsional'naya spetsifika: dis. … kand. kul'turologii : 24.00.01 / Maksimova Tat'yana Evgen'evna; Mesto zashchity : [Mosk. gos. un-t kul'tury i iskusstv]. — M. , 2012. — 187 p.

7. Google cultural institute [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http: //www.google.com /culturalinstitute/ project/art-project.

8. Virtual'nyy muzey «Dom enota» [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: http://www.dom-enota.ru/.

9. Pigorev D. P. Izmereniya v ekonomike avtorskogo prava na osnove skanirovaniya trafika v seti Internet: dis. ... kand. ekon. nauk : 08.00.13 / Pigorev Dmitriy Pavlovich. — M. : TsEMN RAN, 2011. — 28 p.

10. Virtual'nyy muzey NIU ITMO [Electronic resource]. — Access mode: museum.ifmo.ru.

Volshanik V. V.

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "National Research Moscow State Construction University"

ABOUT ONE FUNDAMENTAL PROPERTY OF THE MATTER

Five stages of basic transformations of a form of a matter of the modern Universe, since the moment of its formation known as the Big Bang are being allocated. The conclusion is being drawn on the existence of fundamental property of a matter to complicate forms of the existence or of ability of the Universe to self-improvement.

Key words: Universe, matter, transformation of a form of existence.

Kaledin A. P., Abdulla-Zade E. G., Yuldashbaev Yu. A.

Federal Public Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Russian State Agricultural University — Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K. A. Timiryazev"

[TRANSLATE TO ENGLISH:] ЭТИКА ОХОТЫ, ЭТИКА ОХОТНИКА

Obligatory signs of hunting ethics are being given. The role of the state in the formation process of the main hunting-usage principles is being stressed. The versatility of function of hunting resources and need of a complex state policy for creation of economic base of hunting is emphasized.

Key words: hunting, hunting economy, ethics, ecological ethics, hunting resources.

REFERENCES

1. Kaledin A. P. Ocherki istorii okhoty. — M. : OOO «PTP Era», MGOOiR, 2010. — 224 p.

2. Dyezhkin V. V. Safonov V. G. Zhivaya priroda kak istochnik ekonomicheskikh tsennostey // Ispol'zovanie i okhrana prirodnykh resursov Rossii. — 2004. — № 2. — pp. 75–88.

3. Dyezhkin V. V. Prirodopol'zovanie: Kurs lektsiy. — M. : Izd-vo MNEPU, 1997. — 88 p.

4. Dyezhkin V. V., Popova L. V. Osnovy biologicheskogo prirodopol'zovaniya: Uchebnoe posobie. — M. : Modus-K-Eterna, 2005. — 304 p.

5. Brinbacher D. A priority rule for environmental ethics // Environmental ethics. — V. 4. — pp. 3–16.

6. Boreyko V. E. Ekologicheskaya etika. — M. : Izd-vo MNEPU, 2002. — 110 p.