THE INTERNATIONAL
SCIENTIFIC
JOURNAL

Content

ECONOMIC ISSUES

Kukharev O. N. , Gnusarev I. V.

ANALYSIS OF TECHNICAL EQUIPMENT AVAILABILITY OF AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATIONS IN PENZA REGION

Gasanov E. B.

INFLUENCE OF INTERNATIONAL PROJECTS ON NATIONAL TRANSPORT SYSTEM UNDER GLOBALIZATION CONDITIONS (ON AN EXAMPLE OF THE AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC)

Akhmetzhanov B. A., Lustov N. S.

PROSPECTS OF INNOVATIVE PROJECTS IMPLEMENTATION IN KAZAKHSTAN TRANSPORT COMPLEX

Valiev M. Z.

TAX AS BASIC COMPONENT OF FINANCIAL POLICY

Chutcheva Yu. V.

STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OF DEPRECIATION POLICY IN AGRICULTURE

Gasymov D.

ROLE OF AGRARIAN SECTOR IN SOLVING UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM IN NAKHCHYVAN

Salakhov S. S.

AGRARIAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF THE AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC

Uzhik Ya. V.

ECONOMIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL BASICS OF MILK PRODUCTION INCREASING IN BELGOROD REGION

Startsev A. V.

Roshko G. M.

ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN AGRICULTURE OF TYUMEN REGION BASING ON BUSINESS RISKS MANAGEMENT

Rasskazova A. N.

INDUSTRIAL CLUSTER: TYPICAL MODEL AND ASSESSMENT

Shishkin V. V., Kudryavtseva G. V., Shishkin V. I.

FEEDBACK SYSTEM IN STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF TRADE ENTERPRISE PARAMETRICAL STABILITY

MACHINERY REPAIR AND MODERNIZATION

Tabakov P. A.

Solomashkin A. A.

Mikhlin V. M.

NEW TECHNIQUE OF DETERMINING TOLERABLE WEAR OF PARTS IN OPERATION

Puchin E. A., Kononenko A. S., Gaydar S. M., Pozdnyakov S. P.

RESEARCH RESULTS OF VIBRATION LOADS AND DETERIORATION PROCESSES INFLUENCE ON COLD HARDENING COMPOSITES

Bondareva G. I.

TECHNIQUE OF MODE OPTIMIZATION AND THERMAL EFFICIENCY ESTIMATION OF PLASMA-JET HARD-FACING TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESS

CONTROL, AUTOMATION AND ELECTRIFICATION SYSTEMS

Karpushin E. S.

INCREASING CONTROLLABILITY OF AUTOMATED CONTROL SYSTEM OF LENINGRAD ATOMIC POWER STATION TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES

Berlyansky A. V.

Lipa O. A.

HEAT FIELD CONTROL IN REFRIGERATOR TRUCK BODY

Sirotkin I. I.

Polkovnikov N. F.

METHODS OF CENTRALIZED ENERGY SAVING HEATING CONTROL OF GREENHOUSE FACILITIES

Andreev S. A., Sudnik U. A., Vagin A. V.

ON RENEWABLE HYDROCARBON ENERGY CARRIERS

ENGINEERING ECOLOGY

Varnakov V. V., Varnakov D. V., Neberikutya I. A.

SUBSTANTIVATION OF TECHNOGENIOUS EMERGENCY FORECASTING METHODS

Tatarov L. G., G. L. Tatarov

MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION OF INTERIOR DUST CLEANING

Pryakhin V. N., Sokolov V. V.

Zlobin A. D.

COMPLEX MONITORING RESEARCHES OF FARM INDUSTRY OBJECTS

AUTOMOBILE TRANSPORT

Salmin V. V., Nagornov V. A.

Novikov E. V.

IMPROVING OF AUTOMOBILE PERFORMANCE FIGURES BY DECREASING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE MECHANICAL LOSSES

Asadov D. G.

UTILIZATION OF THERMOELECTRIC GENERATORS IN STORAGE BATTERIES RECHARGING SYSTEM

HUMAN SCIENCES

Preobrazenskaya A. O.

NARRATIVE APPROACH IN PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORTING OF HIGHER SCHOOL STUDENTS

Isaev E. S.

ROLE OF ANCIENT SILK ROAD IN DEVELOPMENT OF NAKHICHEVAN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (ХVII—XIX CENTURIES)

ECONOMIC ISSUES

Kukharev O. N. , Gnusarev I. V.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education “Penza State Agricultural Academy”

ANALYSIS OF TECHNICAL EQUIPMENT AVAILABILITY OF AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATIONS IN PENZA REGION

The paper presents the basic development trends of resource-and-technical base in Russia, in particular in the Penza region, at the turn of the ХХ-XXIst centuries. The authors have analyzed the intermediate results of the task programs aimed at agriculture development and basing on the data obtained they outline the condition of the tractor and automobile fleet and its influence on the final results of plant growing in the Penza region.

Key words: agriculture, tractor and automobile fleet, efficiency, economy.

Reference

1. Kukharev O. N., Gnusarev I. V. Povyshenie effektivnosti ispol’zovaniya MTP kak odno iz napravleniy ustoychivogo razvitiya sel’skoy inzhenernoy infrastruktury // Regional’nye problemy ustoychivogo razvitiya sel’skoy mestnosti: sbornik statey 6 Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii / MNITs PGSKhA. — Penza: RIO PGSKhA, 2009. — S. 151–153.
2. Kukharev O. N., Gnusarev I. V. Organizatsionno-ekonomicheskiy mekhanizm vosstanovleniya tekhnicheskogo potentsiala sel’skokhozyaystvennykh predpriyatiy // Agrarnaya ekonomika — segodnya i zavtra: yubileynyy sb. nauch. tr., posvyashchennyy 30-letiyu ekonomicheskogo fakul’teta Penzenskoy GSKhA. — Penza: RIO PGSKhA, 2009. — S. 229–231.
3. Gnusarev I. V. Puti povysheniya effektivnosti mashinno-traktornogo parka // Agrarnaya nauka — sel’skomu khozyaystvu: sb. tr., posvyashchennyy 90-letiyu Samarskoy GSKhA. — Samara: RITs SGSKhA, 2010. — S. 173–179.

O. N. KUKHAREV, PhD (Eng), professor
Tel. (841–2) 62-85-63, (841–2) 69-91-88, 8-927-363-68-45
E-mail: kucharev@bk.ru
I. V. GNUSAREV, postgraduate student
Tel. (841–2) 55-33-55, 8-960-317-85-78
E-mail: igorek08-08@mail.ru

Gasanov E. B.

Research and Educational Centre on Social and Labour Problems of Ministry of Labour and Social Security, the Azerbaijan Republic

INFLUENCE OF INTERNATIONAL PROJECTS ON NATIONAL TRANSPORT SYSTEM UNDER GLOBALIZATION CONDITIONS (ON AN EXAMPLE OF THE AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC)

The author claims the wide-spread all over the world integration processes are important means of solving the global transport problems facing each country. Alongside with these there are various social and economic factors, as well as favorable transport routes for international cargo transportation.

Key words: transport system, integration processes, International silk road.

Reference

1. Stolyarov V. V. Problemy transporta i transportnogo stroitel’stva. — Saratov: SGTU, 2004. — 346 c.
2. Samedov S. A. Azerbaydzhan. Mezhdunarodnye svyazi i vzaimoponimanie. — Baku: Elm, 1991. — 349 c.
3. Bakhramov Yu. M., Glukhov V. V. Organizatsiya vneshneekonomicheskoy deyatel’nosti. — SPb. : Lan', 2001. — 358 c.
4. Zagashvili V. , Shishkov Yu. Mirovaya torgovlya i mezhdunarodnye investitsii // Mezhdunarodnaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya. — 2003. — № 8. — S. 3–11.
5. Tsenoobrazovanie na mirovom rynke / I. Sh. Garaev [i dr.]. — Baku: GEI, 1999. — 305 s.

E. B. GASANOV, postgraduate student
Tel. (+99450) 300-88-59

Akhmetzhanov B. A., Lustov N. S.

Karaganda State Technical University

PROSPECTS OF INNOVATIVE PROJECTS IMPLEMENTATION IN KAZAKHSTAN TRANSPORT COMPLEX

Basing on the analysis of literary sources and the present situation in the transport sphere the authors consider different aspects of automobile and railroad transport. The conducted analysis of the present condition of the railroad transport allowed making some recommendations on implementation of innovative programmes.

Key words: innovative technologies, transportation industry, transportation flow, transportation and logistics centre, trade economic passage, transport logistics, transit capacity.

B. A. AKHMETZHANOV, PhD (Econ), professor
Tel. 56-75-94, доб. 1049
N. S. LUSTOV, engineer
Tel. 56-32-71
E-mail: lustov@list.ru

Valiev M. Z.

Institute of Economy, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences

TAX AS BASIC COMPONENT OF FINANCIAL POLICY

The paper presents information on taxes as basic components of financial policy. The author defines taxes as main sources of the government income.

Keywords: market economy, tax, economic policy, emission policy, financial policy, taxpayer.

Reference

1. Goreglyad V. P. Byudzhet kak finansovyy regulyator ekonomicheskogo razvitiya. — M. : Ekonomika, 2002. — 522 c.
2. Cedov K. V. Nalogi v zerkalo reform: voprosy metodologii i praktiki. — M. : Izdatel’skiy tsentr instituta mikroekonomiki, 1996. — 124 s.

M. Z. VALIEV, postgraduate student
Tel. (+99455) 760-01-85
E-mail: matlab.valiyev@gmail.com

Chutcheva Yu. V.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education “Moscow State Agroengineering University named after V. P. Goryachkin”

STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OF DEPRECIATION POLICY IN AGRICULTURE

The paper describes the basic stages of the depreciation policy in Russia from the beginning of production mechanization up to the present stage.

Key words: depreciation, depreciation policy, means of production, agriculture.

Reference

1. Sokolov V. Ya. Uchet amortizatsii v Rossii // Bukhgalterskiy uchet. — 1991. — № 12.
2. Dmitriev E. A. O poryadke peredachi (prodazhi) tekhniki MTS kolkhoza // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. — 1958. — s. 80–81.
3. Konkin Yu. A., Guzhvin P. F. Nekotorye voprosy vosproizvodstva osnovnykh fondov kolkhozov i sovkhozov // Ekonomika sel’skogo khozyaistva. — 1965. — 10. — S. 52–58.
4. Tvorets «reiganomiki» [e-source]. — Access mode: http//washprofile.org/en/node/834.
5. Sokolov M. M. Izmeneniya v amortizatsionnoy politike kak osobaya forma nalogovogo vozdeystviya na razvitie ekonomiki // Vse o nalogakh. — 2008. — № 3. — S. 23–29.

YU. V. CHUTCHEVA, associate professor
Tel. 8-926-589-32-94

Gasymov D.

Nakhchyvan Department of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences

ROLE OF AGRARIAN SECTOR IN SOLVING UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM IN NAKHCHYVAN

The paper considers some factors influencing the agrarian sector development in Nakhchyvan autonomous republic. The author claims that increasing livestock population and farm production level contributes to the solution of the unemployment problem in the Republic.

Keywords: farm production, population employment, agrarian sector.

D.GASYMOV, postgraduate student
Tel. (+99450) 384-23-43

Salakhov S. S.

Azerbaijan Scientific Research Institute of Agricultural Economy and Organization

AGRARIAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF THE AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC

The author lists measures aimed at overcoming the agricultural crisis in Azerbaijan and presents the strategy of further development of the republic.

Key words: agrarian strategy, sustainable development, productivity, agrarian capacity, regional development, joint-stock company, infrastructure, innovative clusters.

Reference

1. Kontseptsiya agrarnoy politiki Rossii v 1997–2000 godakh / Pod redaktsiey E. S. Stroeva. — M. : Vershina-klub, 1997. — 352 s.
2. Dergachev V. A. Geoekonomika. Sovremennaya geopolitika / Uchebnik dlya vuzov. — Kiev: Vira, 2002. — 512 s.
3. Astapov K. Perekhod k modeli uskorennogo razvitiya ekonomiki // Ekonomist. — 2003. — № 8. — S. 61–64.

S. S. SALAKHOV, PhD (Econ), key researcher
Tel. (+99412) 562-17-44
E-mail: S_V_Salahov@mail.az

Uzhik Ya. V.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education “Moscow State Agroengineering University named after V.P.Goryachkin”

ECONOMIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL BASICS OF MILK PRODUCTION INCREASING IN BELGOROD REGION

The author presents regress equations allowing to predict development of dairy cattle breeding, optimum parameters of farms, as well as directions of investing into their development.

Key words: livestock, private sector, farm, enterprise, investment, profitability.

Reference

1. Sel’skoe khozyaystvo Belgorodskoy oblasti: stat. sbornik. — Belgorod: 2008. — 124 s.
2. Pogolov’e korov v khozyaystvakh oblasti, po sostoyaniyu na 1.03.09. // Informatsionnyy byulleten' OGU IKTs agropromyshlennogo kompleksa. — 2009. — № 10. — S. 2.
3. Vadzinskiy R. Statisticheskie vychisleniya v srede Exsel. Biblioteka pol’zovatelya. — SPb. : Piter, 2008. — 606 s.
4. Zavgorodneva O. v. , Fetisov S. V. Rezervy uvelicheniya proizvodstva moloka v Rossii // Ekonomika sel’skogo khozyaystva i pererabatyvayushchikh predpriyatiy. — 2009. — № 2. — S. 20 -24.

Ya. V. UZHIK, postgraduate student
Tel. 8 (499) 170-15-08
E-mail: yanurhik@gmail.com

Startsev A. V.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education «Chelyabinsk State Agroengineering Academy»

Roshko G. M.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education « Tyumen State Agricultural Academy»

ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN AGRICULTURE OF TYUMEN REGION BASING ON BUSINESS RISKS MANAGEMENT

The paper shows the prospects of small-scale business development in the regional agriculture taking into account risks. The authors offer recommendations on rational business management.

Key words: business in agriculture, farm enterprises, grain production, risks, direct-costing.

Reference

1. Kulakova O. Metod na osnove pryamykh izderzhek (Direct Costing) // Sovremennye metody upravleniya / [Elektronnyy resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cis2000.ru/Budgeting/Mailing/DirectCosting.shtml.
2. Yudina L. N. Analiz sebestoimosti i pribyli v sisteme «direkt-kosting» // Finansovyy menedzhment, № 5, 2005 / [Elektronniy resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.dis.ru/library/fm/archive/2005/5/4007.html.
3. Voloshin G. Ya. Metody optimizatsii v ekonomike: uch. posobie. — M. : Delo i Servis, 2004. — 320 s.
4. Posobie po ekspluatatsii mashinno-traktornogo parka / N. E. Fere [i dr.]. — M. : Kolos, 1978. — 256 s.

A. V. STARTSEV, PhD (Eng), professor, Head of department «Agribusiness»
Tel. 8-912-408-85-75
Е-mail: sav.63.10.04@mail.ru
G. M. ROSHKO, assistant
Tel. 8-906-823-08-30

Rasskazova A. N.

Moscow State Technical University named after N. E. Bauman

INDUSTRIAL CLUSTER: TYPICAL MODEL AND ASSESSMENT

In the conditions of continuous qualitative changes connected with globalization, growing competition, the development of any country is connected with stable competitiveness of its regions.
One of the new technologies of regional competitiveness increasing is the cluster approach serving as a means of achieving the industrial policy purposes, and is considered to be a powerful tool of regional development stimulation.

Key words: cluster, industrial cluster, manufacturing complex, structure, model.

Reference

1. Ageeva D. R. Klasternyy podkhod v upravlenii promyshlennym predpriyatiem // Predprinimatel’stvo. — 2008.
2. Narolina T. S., Akulinin S. A. Opredelenie effektivnosti funktsionirovaniya promyshlennykh klasterov v ekonomike regiona // Intellektualizatsiya upravleniya v sotsial’nykh i ekonomicheskikh sistemakh: trudy vseros. konf. — Voronezh. — 2006. — S. 130–133.
3. Anglichaninov V. V. Razvitie promyshlennykh kompleksov na osnove klasternykh obrazovaniy: monografiya. — Vektor TiS, 2009. — 340 s.
4. Zhdanova O. I. Klaster kak instrument promyshlennoy politiki regiona // Regional’naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika. — 2008. — № 9(66). — S. 60–67.

A. N. RASSKAZOVA, postgraduate student
Tel. 8-903-765-84-94
E-mail: anrasskazova@mail.ru

Shishkin V. V., Kudryavtseva G. V., Shishkin V. I.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education “St.-Petersburg Trade and Economic Institute”

FEEDBACK SYSTEM IN STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF TRADE ENTERPRISE PARAMETRICAL STABILITY

The paper deals with trade enterprise feedback system. The authors emphasize stabilizing effect of a negative feedback aimed at maintaining the enterprise homeostasis, provide definition of «economic impedance (resistance)», and analyze its role in trade enterprise parametrical stability actual maintaining.

Key words: economic functional systems, positive feedback, negative feedback, homeostasis.

Reference

1. Shishkin V. V. Ekonomicheskie funktsional’nye sistemy na predpriyatiyakh torgovli // Mezhdunarodnyy tekhniko-ekonomicheskiy zhurnal. — 2010. — № 2. — S. 39–45.
2. Funktsional’nye sistemy organizma / Pod red. K. v. Sudakova. — M. : Nauka, 1975. — 350 s.
3. Andrianov V. D. Evolyutsiya osnovnykh kontseptsiy regulirovaniya ekonomiki ot teorii merkantilizma do teorii samoregulyatsii. — M. : Ekonomika, 2008. — 326 s.
4. Ekonomika, analiz i planirovanie na predpriyatii torgovli / Pod red. A. N. Solomatina. — SPb. : Piter, 2009. — 335 s.
5. Shishkin V. V. Ekonomicheskie termodinamika ekonomicheskikh funktsional’nykh sistem // Mezhdunarodnyy nauchnyy zhurnal. — 2010. — № 4. — S. 27–31.
6. Maslov V. P. Kvantovaya ekonomika. — M. : Nauka, 2006. — 210 s.
7. Zasenko v. E. Problemy razvitiya torgovli: sistemno-evolyutsionnyy podkhod. — SPb. : SPb TEI, 2007. — 113 s.
8. Shironosov V. G. Rezonans v fizike, khimii i biologii. — Izhevsk: Udmurtskiy unt, 2001. — 92 s.

V. V. SHISHKIN, postgraduate student
Tel. 8-906-241-88-59
E-mail: visvi@mail.ru
G. V. KUDRYAVTSEVA, PhD (Bio),professor
V. I. SHISHKIN, PhD (Med),professor

MACHINERY REPAIR AND MODERNIZATION

Tabakov P. A.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education “Cheboksary Polytechnic Institute”, branch of Moscow State Open University

Solomashkin A. A.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education “National Economy Academy at the Government of the Russian Federation” College of Multilevel Professional Education

Mikhlin V. M.

State Scientific Research Establishmnet GOSNITI (State Scientific Research Technological Institute for Machinery Repair and Operation)

NEW TECHNIQUE OF DETERMINING TOLERABLE WEAR OF PARTS IN OPERATION

The authors claim that errors of the existing technique of determining tolerable wear of parts are caused by casual wear rate. Tolerable wear of a part in the existing technique is considered to be a constant. This sharply increases the number of gradual failures and premature replacements of parts. The new technique is based on the use of several various supposed wear amounts of parts. The analysis has shown that this eliminates errors of the existing technique.
The paper presents formulas for definition of several tolerable wear amounts for new and replaced parts. This became possible as a result of determining resource distribution density of the 1st, 2nd etc. replaced parts and other features of wear process.

Key words: tolerable wear, wear rate, resource distribution density, replaced parts, power exponent of wear function.

Reference

1. Mikhlin V. M., Dorogoy V. N. Metod opredeleniya dopuskaemykh iznosov detaley, obespechivayushchiy povyshenie ikh bezotkaznosti // Vestnik mashinostroeniya. — 2008. — № 7.- S. 11 -14.
2. Patent na poleznuyu model', vydannyy FRG: Ustroystvo dlya diagnoza, obsluzhivaniya i remonta konstruktivnykh elementov dlya povysheniya ikh bezotkaznosti. Patent: Device for diagnostics, servicing and repairing construction elements for achieving their faultless operation). Registration number 20 2009 000 546.1 from 19.03.2009.

P. A. TABAKOV, PhD (Eng), lecturer
Tel. 8 (352) 550-62-26
E-mail: tibaker@mail.ru
A. A. SOLOMASHKIN, engineer
Tel. 8-985-990-09-86
E-mail: butovootradnoe@rambler.ru
V. M. MIKHLIN, PhD (Eng), chief scientific researcher
Tel. 8-903-544-11-97
E-mail: Vladmihlin28@mail.ru

Puchin E. A., Kononenko A. S., Gaydar S. M., Pozdnyakov S. P.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education

RESEARCH RESULTS OF VIBRATION LOADS AND DETERIORATION PROCESSES INFLUENCE ON COLD HARDENING COMPOSITES

The author makes a review of crack causes in body parts and presents the experimental results estimating cold resistance of cold solidification compounds and nanocomposites on their base to the vibration and ageing effects.

Key words: housing parts, cracking, cold solidification compounds, nanocomposites, sealing ability, hermeticity (proofness), vibration loads, ageing.

Reference

1. Sel’tser A. A. Obnaruzhenie i ustranenie neispravnostey traktorov: spravochnik. — M. : Agropromizdat, 1987. — 271 s.
2. Gulyaev A. P. Metallovedenie. Uchebnik dlya vuzov. — 6-e izd., pererab. i dop. M. : Metallurgiya, 1986. — 544 s.

E. A. PUCHIN, PhD (Eng), professor
Tel. 8-916-166-38-28
A. S. KONONENKO, PhD (Eng), associate professor
Tel. 8-926-147-17-50
S. M. GAYDAR, (Eng), associate professor
Tel. 8-916-789-25-76
S. P. POZDNYAKOV, assistant professor
Tel. 8-926-140-78-43

Bondareva G. I.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education “Moscow State Agroengineering University named after V.P.Goryachkin”

TECHNIQUE OF MODE OPTIMIZATION AND THERMAL EFFICIENCY ESTIMATION OF PLASMA-JET HARD-FACING TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESS

The paper presents theoretical researches of thermal efficiency estimation of plasma-jet hard-facing with powder materials providing faster heat saturation and metal powder melting in comparison with monolithic product metal. Basing on these researches the author determines the influence of the process technological parametres on coating formation of the details restored with plasma-jet hard-facing.

Key words: theoretical research, heat efficiency estimation plasma-jet hard facing, power materials.

Reference

1. Grinberg N. A., Mamaev P. N., Lifshits L. S. Razrushenie naplavlennykh splavov // Avtomaticheskaya svarka. — 1974. — № 8. — S. 33 -36.
2. Leynachuk E. I. Elektrodugovaya naplavka detaley pri abrazivnom i gidroabrazivnom iznose. — Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1985. — 155 s.
3. Lifshits L. S., Khakimov A. N. Metallovedenie svarki i termicheskaya obrabotka svarnykh soedineniy. — 2-e izd. — M. : Mashinostroenie, 1989. — 336 s.
4. Rykalin N. N. Proizvoditel’nost' i effektivnost' protsessa proplavleniya metalla svarochnoy dugoy. Protsessy plavleniya osnovnogo metalla pri svarke. — M. : AK SSSR, I960. — S. 5 -69.
5. Erokhin A. A. Osnovy svarki plavleniem. — M. : Mashinostroenie, 1973. — 448 s.
6. Stroganov A. I., Gots A. B., Drobyshevskiy A. S. Optimizatsiya protsessa napyleniya pokrytiy // Izvestiya vuzov. — 1986. — № 7. — S. 120 -124.
7. Raytses v. B., Rutberg v. P., Shcherbakova A. G. Opredelenie optimal’nogo rezhima plazmennogo napyleniya // Izvestiya vuzov. — 1980. — Vyp. 2. — S. 97 -100 s.

G. I. BONDAREVA
Tel. 8 (495) 976-26-02

CONTROL, AUTOMATION AND ELECTRIFICATION SYSTEMS

Karpushin E. S.

Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering (Branch of State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education “St.-Petersburg State Polytechnic University”)

INCREASING CONTROLLABILITY OF AUTOMATED CONTROL SYSTEM OF LENINGRAD ATOMIC POWER STATION TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES

The author comments on the disadvantages of the existing automated control system at the Leningrad atomic power station and offers the ways of their elimination.

Key words: automated control system, verbal command, program.

Reference

1. Aksenov V. R., Batrakov S. V. , Vasilenko V. A. Avtomatizirovannye sistemy upravleniya tekhnologicheskim protsessom atomnykh elektrostantsiy. — SPb. : Izd-vo Politekhnicheskogo universiteta, 2007. — 309 s.
2. Instruktsiya po ekspluatatsii programmnogo obespecheniya sistemy «Skala-mikro» 1-go i 2-go energoblokov Leningradskoy AES (vzamen K-709 i K-929). — Sosnovyy Bor: Leningradskaya AES, 2008. — 62 s.
3. Bazy dannykh. Intellektual’naya obrabotka informatsii / v. V. Korneev [i dr.]. — M. : Nolidzh, 2000. — 352 s.

Е. S. KARPUSHIN, PhD (Econ), associate professor
Tel. 8-904-619-34-58
E-mail: karpushin.yevgeniy@rambler.ru

Berlyansky A. V.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education “Moscow State Agroengineering University named after V.P.Goryachkin”

Lipa O. A.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education “Russian State Agrarian Correspondence University”

HEAT FIELD CONTROL IN REFRIGERATOR TRUCK BODY

The paper considers problems of the resource-saving automatic control of thermal fields in the refrigerator truck cargo body. Particular attention is paid to perturbation signal correction and control system filtering properties that allow significantly reduce the adjustable parameter’s variability — refrigerator truck cargo body temperature — without reducing the control system performance.

Key words: thermal field, refrigerator truck cargo body, control object, robustness, temperature sensor, transfer function,control system.

Reference

1. Kharitonov A. S. Garmoniya khaosa i poryadka v krugovorote energii: Kholisticheskaya paradigma prirody, cheloveka i obshchestva. — M. :, 2004. — 147 s.
2. Shavrov A. V. , Soldatov V. V. Mnogokriterial’noe upravlenie v usloviyakh statisticheskoy neopredelennosti. — M. : Mashinostroenie, 1990. — 160 s.

A. V. BERLYANSKY, postgraduate student
Tel. 8-985-210-04-09
O. A. LIPA, PhD (Eng)
Tel. 8-917-555-42-23

Sirotkin I. I.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education “Moscow State Agroengineering University named after V.P.Goryachkin”

Polkovnikov N. F.

Mordovian State University named after N.P. Ogarev

METHODS OF CENTRALIZED ENERGY SAVING HEATING CONTROL OF GREENHOUSE FACILITIES

The paper outlines some issues of energy-saving automatic control of hot-water and steam boiler operation. Particular attention is paid to improving the boilers' efficiency by optimizing the gas-air ratio in their furnaces.

Key words: greenhouse facilities, control amount, transfer function, heating control system.

I. I. SIROTKIN, engineer
Tel. 8-925-542-85-34
N. F. POLKOVNIKOV, engineer
Tel. 8-927-170-95-78

Andreev S. A., Sudnik U. A., Vagin A. V.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education «Moscow State Agroengineering University named after V.P.Goryachkin»

ON RENEWABLE HYDROCARBON ENERGY CARRIERS

The paper investigates the reasons for increased public interest to renewable energy sources and defines the role of hydrocarbon energy carriers in the world power industry. It is clearly shown that the statement about oil and gas nonrenewability is not absolute, and the categorical division of energy sources into renewable and nonrenewable ones should be modified. The authors suggest considering the sources of hydrocarbon energy carriers to be the renewable ones, and their exploitation rate to be a complex dynamic function of the accumulated resource amount and its renewal intensity.

Key words: hydrocarbon energy carriers, raw material resources, oil and gas generation, renewal of hydrocarbon resources.

Reference

1. Onuchko V. N. Energoappetity chelovechestva rastut // Ekologicheskie sistemy. — 2005. — № 8. — S. 27–31.
2. Baskaev K. V. Skol’ko v Rossii nefti? // Internet-zhurnal «Shkola zhizni. ru», http:www shkolazhizni.ru/archive/0/n-19982//, 2010.
3. Galenko V. A. Neft' i gaz ne issyaknut nikogda? — Finam, 2010 Materialy Delovogo tsentra RT — internet-portala TatCenter.ru, 2010. — № 10. — 4 s.
4. Donnye bitumnye postroyki i naselyayushchaya ikh biota po dannym obsledovaniya ozera Baykal s glubokovodnykh obitaemykh apparatov «Mir» / O. M. Khlystov [i dr.]: doklady AN. — 2009. — T. 428. — № 5. — S. 682–685.
5. Spiridonov V. I. Dazhe iz peny morskoy // Tekhnika — molodezhi. — 1987. — № 5. — S. 14–17.
6. Kapitsa P. L. Nauchnye trudy. Nauka i sovremennoe obshchestvo; red.-sost. P. E. Rubinin. — M. : Nauka, 1998. — S. 425–432.

S. A. ANDREEV, PhD (Eng), associate professor
Tel. 8-906-783-71-60
Е-mail: asa@usa.net
U. A. SUDNIK, PhD (Eng), professor
Tel. 8-926-334-09-76
Е-mail: sudnikya@mail.ru
A. V. VAGIN, postgraduate student
Tel. 8-.906-042-09-25
Е-mail: alonesatir@yandex.ru

ENGINEERING ECOLOGY

Varnakov V. V., Varnakov D. V., Neberikutya I. A.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education «Ulyanovsk State University»

SUBSTANTIVATION OF TECHNOGENIOUS EMERGENCY FORECASTING METHODS

The authors considers the issues of forecasting emergency situations at dangerous industrial objects and risk degree and suggest a method of estimating probability or occurrence frequency of emergency situations. The paper features an example of emergency situation probability estimation.

Key words: emergency situation, dangerous industrial amount, riskdegree, damage, incident.

Reference

1. Federal’nyy zakon ot 21.07.1997g. № 116-FZ «O promyshlennoy bezopasnosti OPO».
(Federal Law from 21.07.1997 № 116-FZ «On Industrial Security at Dangerous Industrial Objects» from 21.07.1997 № 116-FZ)
2. Nadezhnost' tekhnicheskikh sistem i tekhnogennyy risk / v. A. Akimov [i dr.]. — M. : ZAO FID «Delovoy ekspress», 2002 — 368 s.

V. V. VARNAKOV, PhD (Eng), professor
E-mail: varnval@mail.ru
D. V. VARNAKOV, PhD (Eng)
E-mail: varndm@mail.ru
I. A. NEBERIKUTYA, postgraduate student

Tatarov L. G., G. L. Tatarov

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education “Ul’yanovsk State Agricultural Academy”

MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION OF INTERIOR DUST CLEANING

The paper presents the traumatism analysis. The authors reveal that in most cased the causes of traumatism are harmful factors (dust, noise etc.) resulting from the air environment of an animal breeding facility. They stress that the main emphasis should be made on engineering technical means and people. They also state the parametrical dependence of dust cleaning taking into account its physical nature and implementation features.

Key words: traumatism, harmful gases, concentration, dust cleaning, parameters.

L. G. TATAROV, PhD (Eng), associate professor
Tel. 8- 927-801-64-40
E-mail: l.g.tatarov@mail.ru
G. L. TATAROV, PhD seeker
E-mail: Dartomon@mail.ru

Pryakhin V. N., Sokolov V. V.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education “Moscow State University of Environmental Engineering”

Zlobin A. D.

International University of Nature, Society and Man “Dubna”

COMPLEX MONITORING RESEARCHES OF FARM INDUSTRY OBJECTS

Under conditions of the accelerated scientific and technical development and rapid growth of industrial production ecological monitoring of natural environment has become one of the major problems of today the solution to which is in any case connected with health protection of the present and coming generation.

Key words: ecological monitoring, environment, rational nature management.

Reference

1. Pryakhin V. N. Bezopasnost' zhiznedeyatel’nosti: kurs lektsiy dlya vuzov. — M. : Norma, 2001. — 134 s.3
2. Ekologiya / Pod red. v. V. Denisova. — M. : IKTs «MarT», 2006. — 768 s.
3. Pryakhin V. N., Solov’ev S. S. Bezopasnost' zhiznedeyatel’nosti v prirodoobustroystve: uch. posobie. — 3-e izd., ispr. i dop. — SPb. : Lan', 2009. — 352 s.
4. Kompleksnye monitoringovye issledovaniya otkrytykh vodnykh sistem / v. N Kirilov [i dr.] // Ekologiya i prirodopol’zovanie v XXI veke: sb. materialov nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. — M. : Norma, 2001. — S. 67–69.
5. Zlobin V. S., Pryakhin V. N. Tekhnicheskie sredstva ekologicheskogo monitoringa // Problemy ekologii i bezopasnosti zhiznedeyatel’nosti: materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. — M. : Norma, 2005. — Vyp. 6. — T. 1. — S. 161–164.
6. Belov P. G. Sistemnyy analiz i modelirovanie opasnykh protsessov v tekhnosfere: uch. posobie dlya studentov vuzov. — M. : Izd-iy tsentr «Akademiya», 2003. — 512 s.
7. Zlobin V. S., Pryakhin V. N. Tekhnicheskie sredstva ekologicheskogo monitoringa // Problemy ekologii i bezopasnosti zhiznedeyatel’nosti: materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. — M. : Norma, 2006. — Vyp. 7. — S. 75–77.
8. Komarova N. G. Geoekologiya i prirodopol’zovanie: uch. posobie dlya vysshikh ped-ikh. uchebnykh zavedeniy. — 3-e izd. — M. : Izd-iy tsentr «Akademiya», 2008. — 192 s.

V. N. PRYAKHIN, PhD (Eng), professor
V. V. SOKOLOV, postgraduate student
Tel. 8-909-168-00-46
E-mail: viktor0812@yandex.ru
A. D. ZLOBIN, postgraduate student
E-mail: zlobin77@inbox.ru

AUTOMOBILE TRANSPORT

Salmin V. V., Nagornov V. A.

Penza State University of Architecture and Building

Novikov E. V.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education «Moscow State Agroengineering University named after V. P.Goryachkin»

IMPROVING OF AUTOMOBILE PERFORMANCE FIGURES BY DECREASING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE MECHANICAL LOSSES

The paper deals with improving automobile performance figures by updating internal combustion engine, namely, decreasing its mechanical losses. The authors outline the basic ways of decreasing mechanical losses of an internal combustion engine and offer the device for decreasing mechanical losses by working out demountable connecting rod and piston unit.

Key words: automobile, internal combustion engine, mechanical losses, connecting rod and piston group, operation.

V. V. SALMIN, PhD (Eng), professor
Tel. 8-963-104-75-97
E-mail: salmin-penza@yandex.ru
V. A. NAGORNOV, postgraduate student
Tel. 8-927-385-61-53
E-mail: nagornov_corvis@mail.ru
Е. V. NOVIKOV, PhD (Eng), associate professor
Tel. 8-901-526-00-32
E-mail: novikov-111@yandex.ru

Asadov D. G.

Federal State Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education «Moscow State Agroengineering University named after V.P.Goryachkin»

UTILIZATION OF THERMOELECTRIC GENERATORS IN STORAGE BATTERIES RECHARGING SYSTEM

The paper considers thermoelectric methods of direct (i.e. through) generation of the electric current. Thermoelectric generator is a heat machine converting heat energy in electric one. Solar collectors of different types allow obtaining heat energy that can further be applied in different systems, in particular, as a heat source for thermoelectric generators.

Key words: thermoelectric generator, heat energy, solar collectors, heat exchanger, solar energy.

Reference

1. Termoelektricheskie generatory / A. S. Okhotin [i dr.]. — M. : Atomizdat, 1976. — 315 s.
2. Pozdnyakov B. S., Koptelov E. A. Termoelektricheskaya energetika. M. : Atomizdat, 1974. — 264 s.

D. G. ASADOV, PhD (Eng), associate professor
Tel. 8 (495) 978-61-84

HUMAN SCIENCES

Preobrazenskaya A. O.

Moscow City Psychological and Pedagogical University

NARRATIVE APPROACH IN PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORTING OF HIGHER SCHOOL STUDENTS

The paper considers a possibility of using psychotherapeutic help in study process to improve students’ psychological condition. The author claims the narrative approach is a most efficient one in this case. The paper proves that narrative psychotherapy empowers students to become full and active participants of the study process.

Key words: psychotherapy, narrative, narrative psychotherapy, student psychology, study process.

Reference

1. Sluzhba pskihologicheskogo soprovozhdeniya studentov vuzov: problemy stanovleniya, osnovnye napravleniya, metody i printsipy raboty / A. B. Kholmogorova [i dr.] // Voprosy psikhologii. — 2010. — № 4. — S. 55–63.
2. Fridman Dzh., Kombs Dzh. Konstruirovanie inykh real’nostey. — M. : Klass, 2001. — 362 s.
3. Zhornyak E. Narrativnaya terapiya: ot debatov k dialogu // Moskovskiy psikhoterapevticheskiy zhurnal. — 2001. — № 3. — S. 91–124.

A. O. PREOBRAZENSKAYA, PhD (Psych), associate professor
Tel. 8-916-5761186
E-mail: orchid@land.ru

Isaev E. S.

Nakhichevan State University, the Azerbaijan Republic

ROLE OF ANCIENT SILK ROAD IN DEVELOPMENT OF NAKHICHEVAN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (ХVII—XIX CENTURIES)

Nakhichevan used to be one of the territories through which there passed the Silk Road, an important strategic point connecting the East and the West, and a developed centre of culture, trade and crafts in Azerbaijan since ancient times. Since
olden days this territory played an important political, strategic and economic role in the life of Europe and the countries of the Middle East. The caravan way to Iran, India, Central Asia, China passed through Nakhichevan located at a crossroads of transit ways between the East and the West, and made positive impact on its economic and cultural development.

Keywords: caravan, international trade road, sea ways, transit, great silk road, cultural and ecological links.

Reference

1. Aliev V. Nakhchyvan — istoricheskaya strana Azerbaydzhana. Baku: — Dom novykh izdaniy, 2002, 320 s.
2. Sharafaddin. A. Y. Kniga o pobedakh. — Baku: Azerneshr, 1996. — 80 s.
3. Mamedov R. Puteshestvenniki Blizhnego Vostoka i Zapadnoy Evropy o srednevekovom Nakhchyvane // Vesti AN Azerbaydzhanskoy SSR. Ser. «Obshchestvennye nauki». — 1962. — № 4. — S. 11–20.
4. Mets A. Musul’manskiy renessans. — M. : ViM, 1996. — 544 s.
5. Sharden Zh. Zapiski puteshestvennika. — Perevod s frants. yazyka v. Aslanova. — Baku: Nauka, 1994. — 96 s.
6. Istoriya Azerbaydzhana (s drevnikh vremen do KhKh veka): posobie dlya vuzov; pod red. Z. M. Bun’yatova i Y. B. Yusifova. — Baku: Azerneshr, 1994. — 680 s.
7. Abdurrashid — al' Bakuvi. «Rezyume pamyatnikov i chudo mogushchestvenykh poveliteley». — Baku: Shur, 1992. — 176 s.
8. Chelebi E. Zapiski puteshestvennika. II kniga. — Stambul: Kazymbek ogly, 1998. — 288 c.
9. Shopen I. Istoricheskiy pamyatnik sostoyaniya Armyanskoy oblasti v epokhu ee prisoedineniya k Rossiyskoy imperii. — SPb. : Tipografiya imperatorskoy AN, 1852. — 1231 s.
10. Gabibbeyli I. Nakhchyvan — odin iz sintezov Zapada i Vostoka // Dialog Evraziya. — 2004. — № 13. — S. 94–97.
11. Petrushevskiy I. P. Azerbaydzhan v XVI–XVII vv. // Sbornik statey po istorii Azerbaydzhana. — Baku: Izd — vo AN Azerb. SSR. — Vyp. I. — 1949. — S. 225–298.
12. Salamzade A. V. , Mamedzade K. M. Pamyatniki Nakhchyvanskoy shkoly Azerbaydzhanskogo zodchestva. — Baku: Nauka, 1985. — 268 s.
13. Safarov F. Ya. Arabo-persoyazychnye nadpisi Nakhichevanskoy ASSR (XVI-KhIKh vv.) kak istoriko-kul’turnye pamyatniki: avtoref. dis. … kan. ist. nauk. — Baku: Nauka, 1987. — 23 s.
14. Onullakhi S. M. Zhan Batist Taverne o Nakhchyvane. NMR 75 // Spetsial’nyy vypusk vestey Bakinskogo Universiteta. — 1999. — S 87–93.

E. S. ISAEV
Tel. (+99470) 787-87-95
E-mail: i_elbrus@yahoo.com